AKD NV updates

Fact(or) finding: locating pure financial damage in cross-border securities class actions
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • December 12 2017

The Amsterdam Court of Appeal recently ruled in favour of British Petroleum Plc (BP) in a securities class action initiated by the Dutch Association of Shareholders (VEB). VEB had initiated proceedings on the basis of the Civil Code, in which it sought a declaratory judgment regarding BP's liability towards investors who had bought, sold or held BP ordinary shares around the time of the Deepwater Horizon oil platform explosion in 2010. The court's judgment is a setback for international investors.

Supreme Court sets standards for direct and indirect infringement of Swiss-type claims
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • December 05 2017

The Supreme Court recently rendered a landmark judgment on second medical use claims – more specifically, Swiss-type claims – which have been the subject of significant legal uncertainty throughout Europe. Although the judgment provides welcome clarification on Swiss-type claims with regard to the possibility of indirect infringement and the standards for direct and indirect infringement, some questions still remain.

Supreme Court sets standards for direct and indirect infringement of Swiss-type claims
AKD NV
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • December 04 2017

The Supreme Court recently rendered a landmark judgment on second medical use claims – more specifically, Swiss-type claims – which have been the subject of significant legal uncertainty throughout Europe. Although the judgment provides welcome clarification on Swiss-type claims with regard to the possibility of indirect infringement and the standards for direct and indirect infringement, some questions still remain.

Logistics service providers must be clear on general terms and conditions
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • November 14 2017

Many logistics service providers – such as terminals, warehouse keepers, freight forwarders and shipyards – use general terms and conditions in order to limit their risks. They often make use of several sets of standard terms and conditions, depending on the activities being carried out. However, a recent district court case should serve as a warning to these service providers of the severe risk that no standard terms will be regarded as validly incorporated.

Logistics service providers must be clear on general terms and conditions
AKD NV
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • November 08 2017

Many logistics service providers – such as terminals, warehouse keepers, freight forwarders and shipyards – use general terms and conditions in order to limit their risks. They often make use of several sets of standard terms and conditions, depending on the activities being carried out. However, a recent district court case should serve as a warning to these service providers of the severe risk that no standard terms will be regarded as validly incorporated.

Scope of protection of descriptive trade names
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • October 24 2017

The Hague Court of Appeal recently rendered its judgment in a case in which the claimant was seeking protection for its trade name, Parfumswinkel, against a competing online perfume shop acting under the trade name Parfumswebwinkel. Although the outcome of this case is acceptable, the reasoning behind it is not necessarily correct. The main issue in the proceedings was whether trade name protection should be granted to trade names that are purely descriptive and lack inherent distinctive character.

Scope of protection of descriptive trade names
AKD NV
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • October 23 2017

The Hague Court of Appeal recently rendered its judgment in a case in which the claimant was seeking protection for its trade name, Parfumswinkel, against a competing online perfume shop acting under the trade name Parfumswebwinkel. Although the outcome of this case is acceptable, the reasoning behind it is not necessarily correct. The main issue in the proceedings was whether trade name protection should be granted to trade names that are purely descriptive and lack inherent distinctive character.

Can you prevent pre-judgment garnishment by receiver of D&O insurance?
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • October 17 2017

Directors and supervisory board members of public and private companies are increasingly being sued by receivers in bankruptcies on the basis of the Civil Code. While directors are protected to a certain extent by indemnification or director and officer liability insurance, they are often confronted by receivers that levy pre-judgment garnishment on the insurer with which the director is insured in order to secure their recovery. In reality, such garnishment is undesirable for directors, insurers and receivers.

Courts provide welcome clarity on ship arrest jurisdictional issues
AKD NV
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • September 13 2017

The scope of Article 7 of the International Convention Relating to the Arrest of Seagoing Ships grants jurisdiction to a court granting leave for arrest to also hear the substantive claims. There has been ongoing debate over whether Article 7 also applies to vessels flying the flags of countries which are not signatories to the convention. Several recent decisions – the most recent of which came from Curacao – have reaffirmed that the article's application is not limited to vessels flying the flags of contracting states.

Supreme Court rules on whether ultimate director can limit liability through foreign legal entity director
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • September 12 2017

Unlike in many other jurisdictions, it is possible under Dutch corporate law for a foreign legal entity to be appointed as a statutory director of a Dutch legal entity. Therefore, a natural person can act as a director of a legal entity which in turn acts as a director of another company. A number of Supreme Court cases have examined whether it is possible for an ultimate director to limit his or her liability by way of a foreign legal entity director.

Rotterdam Guarantee Form Limitation 2017 introduced
AKD NV
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • September 06 2017

The Dutch Transport Law Association recently introduced a new standard form to be used for the constitution of a limitation fund in proceedings before the Dutch courts for the limitation of liability in seagoing or inland shipping. In the past, guarantees in limitation proceedings were offered on the basis of widely diverging texts, which often led to disagreement between the interested parties and the need for court rulings on the adequacy of the guarantee.

Courts provide welcome clarity on ship arrest jurisdictional issues
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • September 05 2017

The scope of Article 7 of the International Convention Relating to the Arrest of Seagoing Ships grants jurisdiction to a court granting leave for arrest to also hear the substantive claims. There has been ongoing debate over whether Article 7 also applies to vessels flying the flags of countries which are not signatories to the convention. Several recent decisions – the most recent of which came from Curacao – have reaffirmed that the article's application is not limited to vessels flying the flags of contracting states.

District court refers questions on sale of second-hand e-books to ECJ
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • August 22 2017

Since the launch of its online second-hand e-book service in 2014, Tom Kabinet's activities have been opposed by Dutch publishers, which have unsuccessfully initiated interim injunction proceedings against the company with regard to e-books that were initially purchased and downloaded lawfully (with the copyright owner's consent). At present, proceedings on the merits of the case are pending before The Hague District Court, which recently decided to refer questions to the European Court of Justice.

District court refers questions on sale of second-hand e-books to ECJ
AKD NV
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • August 21 2017

Since the launch of its online second-hand e-book service in 2014, Tom Kabinet's activities have been opposed by Dutch publishers, which have unsuccessfully initiated interim injunction proceedings against the company with regard to e-books that were initially purchased and downloaded lawfully (with the copyright owner's consent). At present, proceedings on the merits of the case are pending before The Hague District Court, which recently decided to refer questions to the European Court of Justice.

Heks'nkaas: an appetising copyright matter
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • June 27 2017

The Arnhem-Leeuwarden Appellate Court recently referred questions regarding which kinds of object can be classified as copyrightable works to the European Court of Justice. The case that led to the court's referral addressed the question of whether a certain taste can be protected under copyright law. The particular taste for which protection was sought was a popular cheese product.

Heks'nkaas: an appetising copyright matter
AKD NV
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • June 26 2017

The Arnhem-Leeuwarden Appellate Court recently referred questions regarding which kinds of object can be classified as copyrightable works to the European Court of Justice. The case that led to the court's referral addressed the question of whether a certain taste can be protected under copyright law. The particular taste for which protection was sought was a popular cheese product.

Rotterdam District Court rules on status of on-board cargo damage survey
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • June 20 2017

The Rotterdam District Court recently determined that a preliminary survey may qualify as a provisional measure within the meaning of the EU Brussels I Regulation if it is established that the measure aims to prevent evidence from being lost. In the case at hand, the court held that the survey did not qualify as such a measure, as the party making the request had indicated that the survey was aimed at obtaining access to witness statements and documents previously attached.

Rotterdam District Court rules on status of on-board cargo damage survey
AKD NV
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • June 14 2017

The Rotterdam District Court recently determined that a preliminary survey may qualify as a provisional measure within the meaning of the EU Brussels I Regulation if it is established that the measure aims to prevent evidence from being lost. In the case at hand, the court held that the survey did not qualify as such a measure, as the party making the request had indicated that the survey was aimed at obtaining access to witness statements and documents previously attached.

Hague Appeal Court upholds ruling on Article 11 of Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims
AKD NV
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • May 09 2017

Over the years, the Dutch courts have demonstrated a willingness to adopt a clear and singular approach to the global limitation of liability issues arising from maritime casualties. In the process, the courts have become a forum of choice for several interests involved in worldwide shipping. The Hague Appeal Court recently added to the body of rulings in this respect.

Hague Appeal Court upholds ruling on Article 11 of Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims
AKD NV
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • May 03 2017

Over the years, the Dutch courts have demonstrated a willingness to adopt a clear and singular approach to the global limitation of liability issues arising from maritime casualties. In the process, the courts have become a forum of choice for several interests involved in worldwide shipping. The Hague Appeal Court recently added to the body of rulings in this respect.

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