George Etomi & Partners updates

Making Nigeria a travel hub
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • November 22 2017

The Nigerian aviation industry has the potential to contribute in excess of 5% to the nation's gross domestic product and support over 1 million jobs. Nigeria's recent achievements and Level 3 rating in the state safety programme implementation process have positioned the country to become a travel hub. However, the inherent challenges facing the industry must be addressed before this status can be achieved.

The case for developing a policy and regulatory framework for business aviation
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • September 27 2017

The Nigerian business aviation industry has the potential to expand significantly as the economy grows and diversifies, but some issues must be addressed in order to maximise results. As such, the business aviation industry needs an effective policy that will harness its potential and attract more foreign investment, as well as address safety and national security concerns.

Civil Aviation Regulations 2015 – an overview
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • August 16 2017

The Civil Aviation Regulations were first promulgated in 2006 in order to establish national requirements that align with the Civil Aviation Act 2006. The regulations were most recently amended in 2015, following a review by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority which aimed to align the regulations with recent amendments to the standard and recommended practices contained in the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation and industry observations.

BASAs reviewed in civil aviation context
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • June 14 2017

Over the years, questions have arisen as to the effectiveness and profitability of Nigeria's bilateral air service agreements (BASAs) for the country's economy. It is apparent that certain BASAs have been negotiated or renegotiated without extensive consideration of the commercial elements required for the industry to experience the proposed targeted benefits of such agreements. Further, there has been little emphasis on the economic realities which Nigeria is facing.

ICAO certification of Lagos and Abuja airports: identifying stakeholders
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • March 29 2017

The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), in conjunction with the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority, recently commenced implementation of the Africa-Indian Ocean Plan Aerodrome Certification Project for two of Nigeria's 26 airports. The benefits of ICAO certification are considerable – for example, it will help the government to achieve its aim of attracting investors into Nigeria by boosting the country's aviation safety rating.

Application for air transport licences
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • February 08 2017

In order to commence airline operations in Nigeria, a number of steps must be undertaken in line with the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority Guidelines and Requirements for Grant of Air Transport Licence. The first step is to obtain a renewable air transport licence, which is an authorisation to operate cargo services or scheduled passenger services within Nigeria.

Concession agreements for Nigeria's major airports: an overview
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • November 30 2016

In 2015 the federal government announced its intention to grant concessions for Nigeria's four major airports. In light of Nigeria's existing economic climate, many experts and stakeholders in the aviation industry have backed this resolution. However, before this process begins, experts and stakeholders in the aviation industry have impressed on the government certain issues that must be addressed.

National carrier – options for legal structure
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • September 14 2016

The aviation minister recently announced that a transition adviser will soon be appointed to assist in the establishment of a national carrier. Past experience would suggest that the most suitable structure for the carrier would be a public-private partnership led by the private sector, with government participation ensuring that the airline is not hindered by unnecessary bureaucracy and that the requisite approvals are received in a timely manner.

Guidelines and requirements for issuance of drone certification
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • July 13 2016

The Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) has prohibited the launch of remotely piloted aircraft (known as 'drones') in the Nigerian airspace without a permit from the NCAA and the Office of National Security Adviser. The NCAA stated that the move was part of the safety guidelines issued by the regulatory agency to drone operators following their proliferation in Nigeria.

Death on board an aircraft: legal considerations
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • May 25 2016

A number of legal considerations apply in case of death on board aircraft – from the procedure to follow to who is responsible and whether compensation is available for the deceased's family. This update discusses the international conventions and the Nigerian statutory framework and guidelines that govern these matters and protect the rights and dignity of the deceased, their families and the airline carriers.

Nigeria's national carrier: a historical perspective
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • April 13 2016

President Mohammadu Buhari recently expressed concern over Nigeria's lack of a national air carrier after receiving a briefing from Ministry of Aviation officials. Despite being informed of the challenges that domestic airlines face, the president ordered that expedited action be taken towards the re-establishment of a national carrier, and has inaugurated a ministerial committee to look into this.

Do you have your air operator's certificate?
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • February 10 2016

Operators wishing to perform specific commercial air transport operations must obtain an air operator's certificate (AOC) from the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority, which confirms that they have the required personnel, assets and systems in place to ensure the safety of their employees and the general public. The Civil Aviation (Air Navigation) Regulations 2000 govern the procedure for applying for, processing, renewing and revoking an AOC.

Examining the NCAA passenger bill of rights
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • October 07 2015

For nearly three decades in Nigeria the rights of passengers have largely been ignored by airlines. In a bid to address this issue, the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) has introduced a passenger bill of rights. Its overarching objective is to protect the rights of passengers and increase their confidence in aviation services. However, the NCAA's commitment to implementing and enforcing the bill must be questioned.

A brief guide to aircraft financing
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • August 26 2015

The outright purchase of an aircraft is a highly capital-intensive venture. The emergence of alternative financing models to alleviate the financial burden associated with outright purchase has been welcomed by the aviation industry. This update highlights popular financing models adopted by Nigerian airlines, including lease financing, direct lending and Islamic financing.

Can airlines impose fuel surcharge on passengers?
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • August 05 2015

When faced with higher-than-anticipated costs or the imposition of excessive tax and other charges by the government, most airlines have two choices. They can either raise their prices, risking upsetting consumers and losing market share to cheaper competitors; or they can sacrifice profits to keep prices steady and retain market share. However, in recent times some airlines have found a third solution: the imposition of fuel surcharges.

Air carrier liability: a Nigerian perspective
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • May 20 2015

The need to provide adequate compensation for air travellers in the event of damage to their person or luggage – while also preventing excessive or spurious claims against aviation operators – has led to the development of a regime of international laws regulating the quantum of liability borne by air carriers in the event of accidents. This update outlines Nigeria's compliance with international regulations regarding air carrier liability.

Use of private jets for commercial purposes
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • April 29 2015

An investigation was recently conducted into the operations of foreign-registered, privately owned aircraft with flight operations clearance certificates and maintenance clearance certificates issued by the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority operating commercial charters instead of their authorised private operations in Nigeria. Private aircraft owners engaged in charter services now face revocation of their certificates and stiff penalties.

The aerotropolis – is Nigeria ready?
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • March 18 2015

The 'aerotropolis' – an urban layout comprising all major components of a city, centred around an airport – is a relatively new concept. As Nigeria proceeds with an ambitious aviation development programme – described by former US Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood as one of the most promising agendas globally – is the country now ready for its own aerotropolis?

A guide to aircraft maintenance
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • March 04 2015

In the past decade numerous air crashes resulted in hundreds of deaths in Nigeria, with the general consensus being that airline maintenance regulations and standards were not being properly enforced and regulated. However, in 2014 Nigeria retained the US Federal Aviation Administrator Category 1 safety status certification which it was awarded in 2010, with no fatal aircraft crashes recorded.

Passenger Bill of Rights: an overview
George Etomi & Partners
  • Aviation
  • Nigeria
  • October 15 2014

The Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority has commenced implementation of the Passenger Bill of Rights. The bill addresses areas of concern such as flight delays, cancelled flights, denied boarding and overbooking, and includes a framework for compensating passengers whose rights are unnecessarily disregarded by airlines, especially domestic operators.

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