Grau & Angulo updates

FC Barcelona prevents registering of industrial design featuring image of Camp Nou
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • November 20 2017

The Catalonia High Court of Justice recently revoked a Spanish Patent and Trademark Office decision which had granted the registration of an industrial design featuring an image of the Camp Nou stadium. The court considered that the alleged ground for refusal to be assessed was whether the design included the prior trademarks owned by Futbol Club (FC) Barcelona. It concluded that the design's registration would lead to a paradox, as the owner could contest FC Barcelona's use of its own image.

Supreme Court rules on foreign companies' legal standing to sue for trade secret infringement
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • October 30 2017

The Supreme Court recently acknowledged a US company's legal standing to file claims on the basis of Articles 13 (trade secret infringement) and 14 (misuse of an industrial or business secret) of the Unfair Competition Act. The Supreme Court's interpretation has favourably clarified that active foreign companies doing business in Spain have legal standing to sue for certain acts of unfair competition.

Court of appeal maintains flexible interpretation of preclusion principle in patent invalidity case
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • October 23 2017

The Barcelona Court of Appeal recently upheld the appeal filed by Sistemas Técnicos de Encofrados, SA against a Barcelona Commercial Court Number 4 order, in which PERI GmbH had successfully opposed the exception of lis pendens (ie, a pending legal action) on the principle of preclusion provided for in the Civil Procedural Act. The court ruled that a rigid and inflexible interpretation of the act, as intended by PERI, is contrary to the right to effective judicial protection provided for by the Constitution.

Barcelona courts lift preliminary injunctions previously granted ex parte in oxycodone/naloxone case
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • October 02 2017

Through two recent decisions, Barcelona Commercial Court Number 4 and Barcelona Commercial Court Number 1 lifted the preliminary injunctions that they had previously granted ex parte in relation to the imminent market launch of two oxycodone/naloxone generic medicinal products. This is the first time that a preliminary injunction has been revoked or refused in Spain based on indicia of invalidity of the asserted patent due to added matter.

Barcelona Court of Appeal confirms non-infringement of Novartis's rivastigmine patch patent
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • September 18 2017

The Barcelona Court of Appeal recently confirmed a first-instance decision which had dismissed the patent infringement action filed by Novartis against several generics for alleged infringement of its European patent relating to a therapeutic transdermal system for the administration of rivastigmine. In its decision, the court reiterated the importance of interpreting a claim in light of the description of the patent, which in this case clearly supported the defendants' understanding of its scope.

Barcelona Court of Appeal confirms invalidity of Roche's valganciclovir patent
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • September 04 2017

In 2013 Teva Pharma, SLU and ratiopharm España, SA filed a revocation action challenging the validity of an EU patent due to lack of novelty and an inventive step. In 2015 the Barcelona Commercial Court Number 5 found in the plaintiffs' favour and revoked the relevant patent claims due to lack of an inventive step. The Barcelona Court of Appeal recently confirmed the first-instance decision in its entirety.

Nestlé obtains preliminary injunction for infringement of Nescafé patents
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • July 17 2017

In January 2016 Nestlé filed a patent infringement action with a preliminary injunction motion against Fast Eurocafé, which had imported, offered and sold capsules for a beverage compatible with Nestlé's well-known Nescafé Dolce Gusto system. Barcelona Commercial Court Number 5 dismissed Nestlé's preliminary injunction motion, holding that the urgency requirement had been undermined. The Barcelona Court of Appeal recently revoked the commercial court's order and granted a preliminary injunction.

Barcelona patent court revokes ex parte preliminary injunctions
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • July 10 2017

In 2016 Novartis sued several companies for the alleged infringement of its EU patent and sought preliminary injunctions to prevent the imminent launch of their valsartan and amlodipine generics. Barcelona Commercial Court Number 4 granted ex parte preliminary injunctions against some of the defendants in December 2016 and January 2017. However, on the defendants' opposition, the court recently revoked the preliminary injunctions.

Protective letters finally regulated in Spain
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • May 22 2017

The new Patents Act, which recently came into force, aims to modernise the Spanish patent system and bring it further into line with EU and international legal frameworks. One of the most notable amendments regarding patent litigation is the introduction and regulation of protective letters in Spain for the first time. As of April 2017, protective letters will be accepted by all competent courts handling patent cases.

Trademark procedures and strategies
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • May 15 2017

Distinctive signs are principally governed by the Trademark Act (17/2001), which replaced the former Trademark Act (32/1988) and was complemented by Royal Decree 687/2002. In 2006 the Trademark Act was further amended by Act 19/2006, which implemented the EU IP Enforcement Directive (2004/48/EC). Civil actions for trademark infringement are comprehensively covered in the Trademark Act, while criminal actions for infringement are defined in the Criminal Code.

Agreement on exclusive assignment of competence to hear IP matters
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • May 08 2017

The General Council of the Judiciary's agreement which exclusively assigned competence to hear IP matters that arise under the Patent Act 24/2014, the Trademark Act 17/2001 and the Industrial Design Act 20/2003 to certain commercial courts in Catalonia, Madrid and Valencia was recently published in the Official State Bulletin. The agreement has accomplished the long-awaited consolidation of the Spanish commercial courts' specialisations in IP matters.

Court finds lack of imitation due to absence of competitive singularity
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • May 01 2017

Barcelona Commercial Court Number 7 recently dismissed in its entirety Niled SAE's and Ridelin's action against Sofamel SL which required Sofamel to cease the manufacture and commercialisation of its TTGA terminals, claiming that they constituted a slavish copy of Niled's TTP terminals and infringed the specific Ridelin patents for which Niled claimed to be the exclusive licensee. The court based this decision on Niled's TTP terminals' lack of competitive singularity.

Barcelona patent judges dismiss preliminary injunction motion in methotrexate case
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • April 03 2017

Barcelona Commercial Court 4 recently dismissed a preliminary injunction motion filed by medac against Accord in a patent case regarding a particular formulation of the active ingredient methotrexate. The court analysed the patent's inventive step using the cited prior art and concluded that it would have been obvious to a person skilled in the art to optimise the volume of the injection in order to reduce pain by increasing the drug concentration.

Progressive abandonment of consumer error theory in criminal jurisprudence
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • February 13 2017

A 2014 Tarragona Court of Appeal decision marked a radical departure from the court's former jurisprudence regarding the consumer error theory. Section 16 of the Madrid Court of Appeal and Section 1 of the Lleida Court of Appeal recently followed this trend by maintaining a favourable stance towards the principle that in order to classify a wilful act of trademark counterfeiting as a criminal offence, the end consumer must have been deceived while purchasing the counterfeit product.

Court dismisses patent infringement regarding active ingredient manufacturing processes
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • January 30 2017

Barcelona Commercial Court Number 4 recently dismissed an action filed against several generic drug companies which alleged infringement of two patents claiming manufacturing processes for the active ingredient drospirenone. The court upheld the defendants' arguments and held that when determining the scope of protection conferred by a patent, claims must be interpreted in light of the patent's description.

Consequences of cancellation of mark due to non-use
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • January 23 2017

Registered trademarks that are cancelled due to non-use in the market should not prevent rights holders of a subsequently registered mark from using it in the same market, as this is not considered to be an infringement of IP rights or an act of unfair competition. In a recent case, the Madrid Court of Appeal recognised a company's right to use its registered CONTINENTE trademark after confirming the cancellation of CONTINENTE trademarks that had previously been registered in the same sector.

Constitutional Court abolishes certain judicial taxes
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • November 14 2016

The Constitutional Court recently upheld in part an action challenging the constitutionality of certain taxes relating to the administration of justice, including those which must be paid in civil and contentious administrative proceedings regarding IP matters. The court considered that the disproportionate values of the taxes violated the fundamental right of citizens to effective judicial protection and deterred them from turning to the courts to exercise this right.

Court finds patent on confectionery mass invalid due to lack of inventive step
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • November 07 2016

Barcelona Commercial Court Number 1 recently upheld Martin Lloveras SA's claim against Sollich KG in its entirety and nullified Sollich's patent for its lack of inventive step. The decision was reached following the European Patent Office's method for analysing inventive step, which includes determining the closest prior art, establishing the objective technical problem and assessing whether the claimed invention would have been obvious to a skilled person.

Appeal court confirms that use of names similar to well-known ORANGE trademarks constitutes infringement
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • October 24 2016

The EU Trademark Court recently confirmed a judgment declaring that the use of a mark as well as corporate and domain names that were similar to the plaintiff's well-known ORANGE trademarks constituted infringement. The court held that the appellant had failed to prove that it had used its names before the registered marks became well known in Spain.

Barcelona Court of Appeal ratifies case law on TRIPs and pharmaceutical patents
Grau & Angulo
  • Intellectual Property
  • Spain
  • September 12 2016

The Barcelona Court of Appeal has issued a judgment confirming the dismissal of a patent infringement action filed by Pfizer against sildenafil generic competitors in Spain. Pursuant to its October 2014 decision in the Escitalopram case, the appeal court has now confirmed its new case law regarding the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of IP Rights and pharmaceutical patents filed before October 8 1992.

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