Preslmayr Attorneys at Law updates

Ringing twice – not always the postman
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Austria
  • November 30 2017

Following some busy years conducting dawn raids in various industries, the Federal Cartel Authority (FCA) recently published guidelines regarding such searches. Although the guidelines contain no big surprises, as they largely reflect the law and the FCA's earlier practice, there are some interesting points – particularly as some of the Austrian legal regime deviates from European law and practice.

Assessing demand for public pharmacies – a never-ending story
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • October 04 2017

Public pharmacies are heavily regulated in Austria. The opening of new (or the relocation of existing) pharmacies is subject to approval by the district authority. Approval will be granted only if there exists a viable need for the new public pharmacy. In a recent case, two courts ignored a 2016 amendment to Section 10 of the Pharmacies Act, which allowed a deviation from the strict 5,500 person limit set out therein.

New price cap for medicinal products
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • July 19 2017

After 14 months of negotiations between the Federation of Austrian Social Security Institutions and the pharmaceutical industry, and lengthy discussions within the government coalition, Parliament recently adopted a new price cap for expensive medicinal products and a new price regime for generics and biosimilars. The government, social security institutions and the legislature hope that these amendments will create further savings in relation to expenses for medicinal products.

Fixing the WhatsApp gap?
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Austria
  • July 13 2017

At present, the Austrian merger control regime is based on a system of turnover thresholds. Following German legislation and anticipating possible new legislation by the European Union, the new Cartel Act introduces a consideration threshold for which, at least in Europe, there is no practical experience. Due to vague criteria in the law, it is expected that more transactions than envisioned by the legislature will be caught by the new regime or at least notified by careful parties and lawyers.

Nepafenac – no SPC for composition medicines
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • April 12 2017

The Vienna Higher Regional Court recently provided valuable conclusions about the interpretation of Article 3(a) of the Supplementary Protection Certificate Regulation – specifically, whether a functional identification of an active ingredient in a basic patent is sufficient to assess whether a product can be considered as "protected by a basic patent in force".

Deadline (narrowly) missed!
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Austria
  • April 06 2017

Although implementation of the EU Cartel Damages Directive in Austria was somewhat delayed, the Council of Ministers recently approved the bill to amend the Cartel Act and the Competition Act. The law will significantly amend Austrian cartel law, primarily facilitating private enforcement of cartel damages for consumers and enterprises alike. While Austrian law has included some of these elements since 2013, the implementation of the directive goes far beyond those implemented.

Medicinal products by presentation
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • January 25 2017

The Supreme Court recently ruled on the line between dietetic foods and medicinal products by presentation. The defendant was ultimately ordered to cease and desist from distributing its product OMNi-BiOTiC MIGRAene as a medicinal product without marketing authorisation and using the product's name. This decision is important as it keeps a close watch on the thin line between dietetic foods and medicinal products.

Who has jurisdiction between EU Merger Regulation and national cartel law? Please wait!
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Austria
  • December 15 2016

The Supreme Court recently considered whether a special concentration had to be assessed in accordance with the EU Merger Regulation or national cartel law. The Supreme Court ultimately submitted this question to the European Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling. While an answer to this question is necessary, the interest in quick merger proceedings must also be considered.

Recommendations: line between providing information and advertising
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • November 16 2016

The Supreme Court recently ruled in a case involving a request for an ophthalmologist to cease and desist from providing recommendations for opticians to his clients. According to the court, the prohibition against advertising can be interpreted as allowing physicians to recommend a specific service provider to patients on request. Recommendations will be considered illegal only where they are based on inappropriate motives (eg, to gain a financial advantage).

Retailer settlement and amendments to Cartel Act
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Austria
  • September 15 2016

After the Supreme Court imposed a record €30 million fine on grocery chain SPAR Österreichische Warenhandels-AG and its subsidiaries, a draft to amend the Cartel Act 2005 was circulated. In addition to implementing EU Directive 2014/104/EC, the draft amends existing limitation periods, reiterates the joint and several liability of cartel members and further promotes Austria's leniency programme regarding the fine procedure.

Shear victory: patient wins compensation for lost surgical scissors
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • August 10 2016

The Supreme Court recently granted compensation for pain and suffering for mental strain to a patient after a piece of broken scissors was left in his body post-surgery. Although the claimant suffered no physical pain, contrary to the appellate court's opinion, the Supreme Court considered his distress and uncertainty to constitute a mental strain following a physical injury.

Calculating SPC application period based on variation of existing marketing authorisation
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • May 25 2016

The Vienna Higher Regional Court recently considered whether an amendment to an existing marketing authorisation could be considered valid under EU Regulation 469/2009. The court referenced established European Court of Justice case law in holding that prior authorisations do not prevent later authorisations of a patented use from being considered as a first authorisation, as long as the earlier authorisation is not protected by the basic patent.

Media cooperation in radio market
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Austria
  • April 21 2016

Triggered by a complaint from radio station Kronehit, the Federal Competition Authority (FCA) looked into the media cooperation practices between radio broadcasters and concert and festival organisers. The investigation led to a set of FCA guidelines for media cooperation which will address the prevalent inequality between Austrian public broadcaster radio stations and private radio stations as media partners of concert and festival organisers.

Liability of apparent manufacturer of a medical device
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • March 09 2016

The Supreme Court recently clarified the rather sparse jurisprudence in relation to the liability of apparent manufacturers according to Section 3 of the Product Liability Act. This case centred on the question of whether there was an objective impression that the defendant was the manufacturer when the medical device was put into circulation.

ECJ rules on date of first authorisation
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • January 13 2016

The Vienna Higher Regional Court recently referred two questions to the European Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling. The Vienna court wanted to know whether the date of first authorisation for a supplementary protection certificate is determined according to EU law or the law of the member state in question; and if EU law applies, whether the applicable date is the date of authorisation or the date of notification.

Overview (December 2015)
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Austria
  • December 17 2015

The Cartel Act contains antitrust regulations on cartels, merger control and abuses of dominant market positions. It sets out the rules on what constitutes a cartel, the definition of vertical restrictions, joint dominance and mergers and establishes the conditions for when pre-merger control applies.

Supreme Court rules on advertising of dentist's mobile surgery
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • December 02 2015

The Chamber of Dentists recently sued a dentist's assistant to cease and desist radio advertising – in particular, in relation to information provided about the dentist's mobile surgery in a radio interview. While the Supreme Court noted that a cease and desist claim can be made based on third-party infringements, it held that the plaintiff could not rely on this remedy, as the defendant had reserved the right to approve the interview before it went live.

Cranberry tablets – food or medicine?
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • September 30 2015

Defining the boundaries between medicines, food supplements, dietetic foods and foods is frequently difficult. A recent Supreme Court decision sheds some light on the differences between medicines and dietetic foods, clarifying that the marketing of medicinal products requires marketing authorisation and that products qualify as medicinal products due to their presentation as such, even in the absence of medicinal properties.

Supplementary protection certificate for carrier protein?
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Healthcare & Life Sciences
  • Austria
  • August 05 2015

Applications for supplementary protection certificates (SPCs) often raise interesting and sometimes difficult questions. Following a preliminary ruling by the European Court of Justice, the Supreme Court recently issued a decision in which it provided the Patent Office with supplementary guidance for further proceedings regarding the grant of an SPC.

Use of spyware during dawn raids
Preslmayr Attorneys at Law
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Austria
  • July 02 2015

Following a dawn raid of the business premises of one of Austria's biggest food retailers, the company challenged the Cartel Court's order to conduct the raid and the Federal Cartel Authority's actions during the raid – in particular, due to the use of espionage software. The Supreme Administrative Court dismissed the applicant's appeal and ruled that the use of forensic software to access electronic data during a raid is unquestionably legal.

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