The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources recently announced the revocation of 32 regulations in furtherance of the government's efforts to reduce the regulatory burden on the energy and mineral resources sector. However, it was unclear which of these regulations had been revoked before the announcement and which would be revoked in the future. This situation has now been clarified with the issuance of four new revoking regulations, which form part of what some have called a 'big-bang' reform.
The 2018 state budget amended Article 33-F of Decree-Law 172/2006, which establishes the criteria that applicants must fulfil to generate electricity via renewable and non-renewable endogenous resources on a market basis in order for the licensing authority to grant a generation licence or accept a prior notification. The amendment aims to establish new rules for when the relevant network has insufficient capacity to support the additional load that results from requests submitted to the licensing authority.
National Grid recently published the provisional auction results for the 2017 T-4 Capacity Market Auction, with successful bidders having been provisionally awarded capacity agreements for delivery in 2021/22 at a price of £8.40 per kilowatt (kW) per year. The clearing price is significantly lower than that awarded in the 2016 Capacity Market Auction, where successful bidders were awarded capacity agreements at £22.50 per kW per year.
An increased number of corporate transactions and mergers have been observed in the oil and gas sector on the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS) in recent years. Several oil majors and traditional utilities and downstream companies have reduced their presence and broad portfolio sales and swaps of NCS licences have become increasingly common. These changes in trends are highly relevant for the government, which aims to maintain a high level of activity on the NCS.
The Greek energy sector is expected to expand over the next few years as a result of, among other things, the optimisation of the energy mix – which consists of a reduction in fossil fuel-generated electricity and an increase in energy from renewable energy sources (RES) – and the liberalisation of the electricity and natural gas markets. Greece is also expected to create energy investment opportunities due to the availability of RES potential in the country and ongoing substantial infrastructure projects.
The minister of economic affairs and climate recently announced that the new government has reserved €12 billion to grant subsidies in 2018 for the production of renewable energy under the Renewable Energy Grant Scheme. The subsidies, which will be made available to applicants in two €6 billion tranches, aim to accelerate the development and use of sustainable energy production technologies.
The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources recently announced the revocation of 32 regulations in the energy and mineral resources sector, three of which are of particular importance to independent power producers in the new and renewable power sub-sector. However, a subsequent examination revealed that most if not all of the regulations have yet to be revoked, and the lack of clarity in this regard has called the ministry's commitment to transparency into question.
The Court of Appeal has provided guidance as to what the words "fully operational and enforceable" in an agreement might mean in the context of a production sharing agreement in Kurdistan – in particular, whether such an agreement may be considered fully operational and enforceable without ratification by the Federal Government of Iraq. In doing so, the Court of Appeal ventured into an area that is hotly contested in Iraq.
The government Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy recently published a consultation proposing amendments to its guidance for developers and operators of offshore renewable generating stations and transmission assets in respect of decommissioning programmes. The focus of the amendments is on providing greater clarity around the decommissioning cost estimates that developers must provide in their programmes and the financial security that they must provide.
The House of Lords European Committee has published its report on energy security in the United Kingdom following its withdrawal from the European Union. Key among the report's conclusions is that investors require certainty as to the future of UK energy policy. The report also recommends that any change in arrangements should be accompanied by a transition period that ensures consumers are protected while businesses adjust their working practices, contracts and systems.
The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy recently issued a consultation on the siting criteria and process for a new national policy statement (NPS) on nuclear power. The NPS will apply to nuclear power stations expected to deploy after 2025 but before 2035, which have over one gigawatt of single reactor electricity generation capacity. It will establish the framework for development consent decisions on applications for new nuclear power stations expected to deploy post 2025.
In order to improve the definition of and conditions for the use and disposal of fluids, gravel and cement paste resulting from drilling and production activity in Brazil, the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) recently published Normative Instruction 01/2018. In doing so, the IBAMA established new definitions and specific criteria that must be followed, subject to the penalties provided in the law.
The Indonesian Investment Coordinating Board recently issued the Regulation concerning Guidelines and Procedures for Investment Licensing and Facilities. As regards the oil and gas sub-sector, the regulation states that a permanent business entity may apply for a permit to establish a foreign representative office in the oil and gas sub-sector through the Electronic Investment Information and Licensing Services. Foreign representative office permits are valid for three years and are extendable.
A recent Technology and Construction Court decision considers the difference between prospective and retrospective approaches to delay analysis. The decision found that the two approaches will not necessarily lead to the same answer and may provide support for the use of prospective approaches in the assessment of extension of time claims. The court's comments are likely to encourage further debate over the use of the approaches in English law.
The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) recently promulgated its Plan for Building the National Carbon Emission Trading Market (Power Generation Industry). According to the NDRC, the plan's implementation will play an important role in establishing the national carbon market and constitutes the official start of the national carbon emission trading system. However, a robust carbon emission trading system and a fair market trading environment for investors are still a long way off.
The El Pelicano solar park, a photovoltaic power plant located north of Santiago, was recently opened. The plant, which represents an investment of $250 million, has a capacity of 110 megawatts (MW) and will provide approximately 42% of the energy required by the Santiago subway system. In 2014 solar power in Chile had an installed capacity of 11 MW. With the launch of the El Pelicano project, this capacity has risen to 2,100 MW.
The Oil and Gas Authority (OGA) has published guidance on the development of supply chain action plans (SCAPs) in respect of all new projects, including decommissioning. In introducing SCAPs into the offshore oil and gas industry, the OGA is highlighting the importance of relationships with the supply chain in maximising the economic recovery of the UK Continental Shelf and unlocking the full potential of the basin.
The government has released its consultation on amendments to the Contracts for Difference (CfD) regime. The consultation confirms the government's intention to allow remote island onshore wind to compete in future Pot 2 allocation rounds. It also proposes changes to the CfD contract to lower the risk to consumers from conservative load factor estimates and to restrict reliefs awarded to generators in the case of force majeure or grid connection delays.
The new government's coalition agreement contains an ambitious paragraph on climate and energy, which observes that the European Union's aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% (compared with 1990 levels) by 2030 will be insufficient to meet the Paris Agreement target. Therefore, the new government has set the bar higher, introducing measures to prepare the Netherlands for a 49% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.
The new government recently presented its government programme, which sets out its framework and indicates the legislative projects that it intends to implement over the coming five years. As part of the programme, the government hopes to have 100% of the national electricity supply come from renewable sources by 2030. However, as there are no details on how this goal will be achieved, it remains to be seen what changes the energy sector will face.