Latest updates

What are the risks of doing business with Russian Oligarchs List and Russian Defence and Intelligence List?
Arent Fox LLP
  • USA
  • March 16 2018

At the end of January 2018, the Trump administration took two actions relating to the Russia and Ukraine sanctions programme under the Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act 2017, the law that President Trump signed on August 2 2017. While these acts did not result in the imposition of any actual sanctions, they do provide additional hints to businesses of where the Trump administration is heading in the months ahead, identifying risk areas that businesses can review and assess.

Commerce Department issues Section 232 national security investigation reports on steel and aluminium
Arent Fox LLP
  • USA
  • March 02 2018

The Commerce Department recently released its redacted public version of the Section 232 reports on the effects of imports of steel and aluminium on national security. Both the steel and aluminium reports provide a range of options for the president to consider in restricting imports of aluminium and steel products. This news is expected to trigger swift and pronounced reactions from trading partners and affected US downstream industries.

Modification of trade defence rules regarding non-market economy costs and prices
Herbert Smith Freehills LLP
  • European Union
  • February 23 2018

The European Union recently issued Regulation 2321/2017, amending the basic EU Anti-dumping Regulation (1036/2016). Among other things, Regulation 2321/2017 sets out new rules for the calculation of normal value in the case of significant distortions that affect cost and price and removes rules which previously allowed for normal value to be determined via an analogue country methodology for non-market economy World Trade Organisation members.

Important updates to ring in 2018
Arent Fox LLP
  • USA
  • February 02 2018

The beginning of a new year often brings new regulations or changes to programmes. Customs programmes are no exception. Some key January 2018 changes for importers include fee increases, the expiration of the Generalised System of Preferences and changes to the tariff code.

Trump administration is enforcing global Magnitsky sanctions: impact on international business
Arent Fox LLP
  • USA
  • January 26 2018

The Trump administration recently took significant steps towards using economic sanctions to tackle international human rights abuses and corruption. The administration's actions underline the ever-growing importance of know-your-customer and anti-corruption due diligence and compliance procedures for international business.

What could happen to imports if government shuts down: 2018 version
Arent Fox LLP
  • USA
  • January 12 2018

Based on recent activity in Congress, the possibility of a shutdown of US federal government activities for at least a brief period is looming larger. Although it is unknown what the US Customs and Border Protection and other government agencies involved in import operations would likely do in the event of a shutdown, the 2013 federal government shutdown can be useful as a planning tool for importers.

Evolution of export law: what to do if a special agent comes knocking
  • USA
  • December 08 2017

The Department of Commerce, the State Department and Treasury each approach manufacturers, exporters and shippers as a way to gather information, understand a company or an industry and verify that the target understands the applicable export regulations. While these visits are often innocuous and as advertised, they may have an underlying purpose. How companies respond to these visits must be assessed on a case-by-case basis.

Recent developments in EU trade and investment policy
Herbert Smith Freehills LLP
  • European Union
  • October 20 2017

The European Court of Justice recently handed down its opinion regarding the European Union's competence to conclude its proposed free trade agreement (FTA) with Singapore. FTA proposals incorporating provisions on the protection of non-direct foreign investments or investor-state dispute settlement mechanisms should be treated as mixed agreements, requiring ratification from not only the European Union, but also each member state.

EU-Japan 'agreement in principle' for economic and partnership agreement
Herbert Smith Freehills LLP
  • European Union
  • August 25 2017

The European Union and Japan recently announced having reached an 'agreement in principle' on a future economic and partnership agreement. The final agreement is expected to boost EU-Japan trade by cutting red tape and scrapping duties. EU businesses importing from and exporting to Japan should prepare for the agreement's entry into force. This requires assessing the exact effect of the agreement on their operations and identifying potential opportunities and challenges.

Brexit – United Kingdom's access to European Union's preferential trade partners
  • United Kingdom
  • July 07 2017

There is much discussion about what kind of trade relationship the United Kingdom will have with the European Union following Brexit. Less often discussed is the trade relationship between the United Kingdom and the approximately 60 third countries with a preferential trade relationship with the European Union from which the United Kingdom, as an EU member state, currently benefits. Brexit will disrupt the United Kingdom's trade with these countries as well as with the European Union.

Trade defence instruments at a glance
  • European Union
  • March 10 2017

The field of trade defence instruments (TDIs) is among the most active in international trade law and their use could further increase as a result of the current wave of protectionism. In the European Union, which frequently makes use of these instruments, TDIs are based on the global framework set out by World Trade Organisation (WTO) law and on a number of additional conditions adopted at EU level. However, the EU legal framework must comply with WTO law.

Facilitation of rules regarding industrial assembly agreements
  • Russia
  • January 13 2017

The industrial assembly rules, which provide for a customs rate of 0% for certain car components, were recently amended by a joint order of the Ministry of Economic Development, the Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Ministry of Finance. In particular, the amendments reduced the required percentages of local production and extended the terms for achieving particular percentages of local production.

World Trade Organisation at a glance
  • International
  • December 16 2016

At the heart of the international trading system lies the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The WTO's primary objective is to assist in allowing "trade to flow as freely as possible", in order to promote economic development. In doing so, the WTO has several functions, including administering WTO agreements and serving as a forum for trade negotiations, whether multilateral or plurilateral.

Confidential information and rights of defence in EU trade defence proceedings
  • European Union
  • October 14 2016

The EU General Court recently annulled the anti-dumping measures imposed on imports of threaded tube and pipe cast fittings of malleable cast iron for Jinan Meide Casting Co Ltd products. The judgment highlights deficiencies in the EU trade defence system in striking a balance between transparency and rights of defence on the one hand and the protection of confidential data on the other hand.

Iran sanctions to be repealed in line with EU/UK position
  • British Virgin Islands
  • September 23 2016

Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, the European Union and the United Kingdom agreed to terminate or relax nuclear-related economic and financial sanctions, including related designations. Once the BVI 2011 direction is repealed, the British Virgin Islands' position will be further aligned with that of the United Kingdom and be in keeping with the relaxation of the Iran restrictions.

New customs regulations target evasion of duties
  • USA
  • September 16 2016

US Customs and Border Protection recently published interim regulations to implement the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, setting out the procedural framework and interested parties' rights and obligations in the process. The interim rules have already taken effect, but a 60-day public comment period is now open and could result in revisions when the rules are finalised.

WTO law insufficient to ensure competitive neutrality under EU standards
  • European Union
  • August 19 2016

The European Union is unique in imposing a strict internal regime of subsidy control. The purpose of such a strict state aid regime is to limit distortions in the common market as much as possible, in order to ensure competitive neutrality. However, the same level of competitive neutrality is lacking in the rest of the world, which may place EU enterprises at a disadvantage when compared with competitors in other World Trade Organisation member states.

Putin announces special economic zone reform
  • Russia
  • July 22 2016

Special economic zones were originally developed in Russia to attract foreign investment and establish new business areas. However, they have since proved ineffective and in June 2016 President Vladimir Putin announced the planned reform of the zones. Putin also declared that 10 of the zones will be closed immediately, and that responsibility for the remaining zones will be transferred to the applicable region.

European Union's conundrum over Chinese market economy status
  • European Union
  • June 24 2016

The European Union must make a call on whether it will grant China market economy status by the end of 2016. Granting China market economy status is likely to result in cheaper Chinese imports into the European Union. This could be detrimental to certain EU industries competing with Chinese imports, but positive for other EU industries that source intermediate goods from China.

Special Economic Zones Act and foreign direct investment
  • Kenya
  • April 29 2016

The Special Economic Zones Act has elicited much speculation about whether it is the right tool to promote Kenya's economic development. The act seeks to revolutionise trade in Kenya by creating a conducive environment for investment. 'Special economic zones' are selected geographical regions where certain policies that enhance business are put in place. As far as import duties and levies are concerned, they are regarded as being outside the customs territory.

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