Ms María José Ramos

María José Ramos

Lawyer biography

María José Ramos is an Associate of the Employment department at CMS Albiñana & Suárez de Lezo. She specialises in employment law, social security and occupational risk prevention. 
Her career has so far centred around advising domestic and international clients on all types of employment matters: collective and individual dismissals, the substantial modification of working conditions, legal proceedings, advice to companies filing for insolvency, senior executive recruitment, the implementation of employee-related policies, salaries, due diligence processes, etc. 
She provides ongoing employment-related advice on the expatriation of employees and relocation of executives to Spanish companies from a legal, social and governmental-authority perspective. 
Moreover, she possesses vast experience in advising on occupational risk prevention, the Employment Inspection and Social Security services, occupational accidents and in acting as legal counsel in the corresponding court proceedings.
Relevant experience
  • Energy company | Advice on legal proceedings before the Labour Courts over union-led salary claims.
  • Several entities within the metal industry | Advice on legal proceedings before the Labour Courts over illegal assignments and bogus self-employment.
  • Several international companies | Involved in numerous due diligence processes relating to key corporate deals.
  • Several retail sector companies | Ongoing employment-related advice on matters including recruitment, company policies, non-compete agreements, the substantial modification of working conditions, work-life balance, occupational risk prevention, workforce restructuring, etc., not to mention legal counsel at court proceedings.
  • Software development company | Ongoing employment-related advice on various matters including international relocation and coordination with the jurisdictions involved. 
  • 2017 - Specialist in Occupational Risk Prevention, Centro de Estudios Financieros, Madrid (Spain).
  • 2011 - Master's Degree in Corporate Legal Practice, Insituto de Empresa, Madrid (Spain).
  • 2010 - Graduate of Law specialising in employment and corporate law, Universidad Carlos III, Madrid (Spain).
  • Spanish
  • English
  • German
  • talian
  • Spanish Association of Employment Law Professionals (ASNALA). 


  • Co-author of several articles for International Law Office, 2019. 


Employment & Immigration

Employees' right to disconnect
Spain | 03 March 2021

Since 2018 companies have had an obligation to guarantee employees' right to disconnect – that is, disengage from work-related electronic communications – in order to ensure that employees take daily and weekly rest periods and their annual leave. The Madrid High Court of Justice recently clarified that employees' right to disconnect does not prevent employers from requesting employees to provide services outside their usual working hours.

New regulations aim to guarantee gender equality
Spain | 09 December 2020

Although there have been some improvements for female employees in the labour market, the gender pay gap still persists in Spain. Thus, Spain recently passed two new laws which include several provisions that aim to guarantee equal pay between men and women, as well as a more detailed regulation regarding equality plans which are already in place.

Q&A on new remote working regulations
Spain | 14 October 2020

The health crisis triggered by COVID-19 has accelerated the already existing trend of facilitating and implementing remote working policies in Spain. However, forced remote working as a result of the pandemic has emphasised the lack of regulation in this area, not to mention the practical issues previously left unresolved. Published on 23 September 2020, Royal Decree-Law 28/2020 on remote working seeks to provide clearer guidelines in this regard.

Employment-related measures to fight effects of COVID-19: regulatory update following lifting of state of emergency
Spain | 05 August 2020

In order to illustrate the current status of the COVID-19 extraordinary measures following the lifting of the state of emergency on 21 June 2020, this article summarises the key employment-related measures adopted since the state of emergency was declared and the updated regulation of each measure following the numerous amendments introduced subsequent to Royal Decree-Law 8/2020.

Extraordinary employment-related measures in fight against COVID-19: regulatory update
Spain | 03 June 2020

The government has adopted several extraordinary employment-related measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, since a state of emergency was declared, Spain's employment authorities have published countless guidelines and instructions relating to the practical application of such measures. This article summarises the key employment-related measures adopted since the state of emergency declaration.

Right to request working schedule adjustments
Spain | 30 October 2019

There has been a wave of criticism that the mandatory recording of employees' working hours has hindered the flexibility measures which companies were beginning to introduce. As such, it is somewhat surprising that a recent amendment to the Workers' Statute appears to have flown under the radar, especially given that it aims to boost flexibility in order to uphold employees' rights to a work-life balance.

New regulations aim to improve gender equality
Spain | 22 May 2019

The Royal Decree-Law on Urgent Measures to Guarantee Equal Treatment and Opportunities for Women and Men in Employment and Occupation recently came into force, amending the Workers Statute and the Equality Law. The decree-law, which applies to companies established in Spain, aims to improve gender equality between women and men, reinforce equal pay and enable parents to share childcare responsibilities.