Since its establishment in October 2013, the Office of the Tax Ombud (OTO) has been expected to enhance South Africa's tax administration system. Although the OTO has proven its value to the industry and taxpayers alike by resolving complaints, securing large refunds and launching much-anticipated investigations, its greatest challenge continues to be proving that it is equipped and has the capacity to go toe-to-toe with the South African Revenue Service.
An amendment to the Eighth Schedule to the Income Tax Act, as proposed in the draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill, seeks to clarify that capital losses between connected persons will be ring-fenced where a person redeems its interest in the other person (eg, a company) and the two persons are connected. The amendment directly addresses the discrepancies ensuing from Income Tax Case 1859 and clarifies the legal position in respect of the redemption of shares.
The draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill, which was recently published for public comment, represents a first for South African taxpayers as it introduces legislative provisions regarding cryptocurrencies. The draft bill is indicative of the National Treasury's approach to the tax treatment of cryptocurrencies, with the proposed amendments demonstrating an identifiable impact on cryptocurrency traders at the outset.
The South African Revenue Service recently published the fourth issue of Interpretation Note 64, which seeks to provide guidance on the application and interpretation of Section 10(1)(e) of the Income Tax Act. With the rising prevalence of complex developments, security estates, shopping centres, wellness compounds and high-rise flats in South Africa, body corporates, homeowners' associations and share block companies are commonplace and clear guidelines as to the taxation of these entities is imperative.