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Updates

Insurance

Changes to Solvency II make it easier for insurers to invest in economy
European Union | 04 June 2019

The European Commission recently adopted new rules to help insurers invest in equity and private debt and provide long-term capital financing. As a result of the new rules, insurers will have to hold less capital for investments in equity and private debt, including in small and medium-sized enterprises. The newly adopted rules take the form of a delegated regulation, amend the EU Solvency II Directive and follow on from the mid-term review of the Capital Markets Union Action Plan.

Italian insurance market: scanning the horizon
Italy | 02 April 2019

Similar to other jurisdictions, Italy has been affected by global phenomena such as technological advances, an ageing population, climate change and evolving legal and regulatory frameworks. So how has the Italian legal system adapted to emerging risks and the new needs of policyholders? This article examines a number of recent changes to the Italian insurance market in this context.

Recent developments in claims-made policy debate
Italy | 13 November 2018

The Supreme Court and several lower courts recently examined the validity of claims-made insurance policies under Italian law and reached different, sometimes conflicting, conclusions. In its most recent decision in this regard, the Supreme Court abandoned the fairness or worthiness test, which is undoubtedly favourable to insurers.

Towards full implementation of IDD – new IVASS measures enacted
Italy | 02 October 2018

IVASS, the Italian insurance regulator, recently introduced Regulations 40 and 41 regarding the distribution of (re)insurance products and pre-contract information duties. Alongside these regulations, IVASS also published a report following a consultation phase. The clarifications that IVASS provided in the report represent useful guidance for both insurers and intermediaries.

Insurance Distribution Directive – a revolution?
Italy | 26 June 2018

The new EU Insurance Distribution Directive was recently transposed into the Italian legal system. The Italian insurance regulator also recently published separate consultation papers on its website regarding implementing measures on (re)insurance distribution, pre-contract information for the marketing and manufacturing of insurance products and new procedural rules for the application of fines in case of breach of insurance regulations.

Growing weight of regulation on contents of insurance contracts
Italy | 17 April 2018

In recent years, the attention that IVASS (the Italian insurance regulator) and the EU authorities have paid to the protection and needs of insureds has increased and been translated into market letters (among other initiatives). These market letters aim to encourage insureds to intervene in contracts through the introduction of protective measures or eliminate potentially punitive restrictions, thereby limiting contractual autonomy in various areas.

IVASS recommends cybersecurity measures for insurance intermediaries
Italy | 23 January 2018

IVASS, the Italian insurance regulator, recently provided details of an investigation into (re)insurance intermediaries' general understanding of cybersecurity-related issues and the remedies that they have implemented to protect their businesses and clients against the adverse effects of possible cyberattacks. IVASS will conduct another survey in 2019 to check that insurance intermediaries have complied with the proposed measures.

IVASS issues clarifications regarding separate bank accounts for intermediaries
Italy | 28 November 2017

Article 117 of the Insurance Code provides that premiums paid to intermediaries and monies used to settle claims or due by insurers must be kept in separate accounts, the holder of which can be an intermediary that acts expressly in such a capacity. No seizure or distraint of the separate account can be carried out by creditors other than policyholders and insurers. IVASS recently clarified a number of issues in this regard following an investigation into the compliance of intermediaries with said requirements.

IVASS publishes second consultation document on pre-contract information duties for non-life insurance products
Italy | 12 September 2017

IVASS, the Italian insurance regulator, recently published a consultation document which includes a proposal to amend Regulation 35/2010 on the disclosure duties for proposers and the advertising of insurance products. The consultation document's publication follows the recent approval of EU Regulation 2017/1469 and sets out a standardised presentation format for insurance product information documents.

Supreme Court rules on application of insureds' duties to pay defence costs
Italy | 08 August 2017

The Supreme Court recently ruled for the first time on the application of an insured's general duty to pay defence costs to prevent or mitigate loss, as set out in Article 1914 of the Civil Code. The court stated that such a duty applies to both first-party and third-party liability insurance, and – more importantly – that in either case it applies to defence costs.

Punitive damages: impact for third-party liability insurers
Italy | 18 July 2017

A recent decision by the Supreme Court provided an important clarification on punitive damages and public order. The court ruled that damages in tortious and contractual actions seek not only to restore the position of the damaged party as it was before the wrongful action or breach of contract, but also to serve as a punishment and deterrent.

Public officials – Supreme Court decision provides guidelines for D&O insurers
Italy | 06 June 2017

A recent Joint Divisions of the Supreme Court decision further clarified the Court of Auditors' jurisdiction compared with that of the civil courts regarding the liability of directors and officers (D&O) of companies held in whole or in part by public entities. The matter is relevant for insurers that underwrite D&O-related risks and need to determine whether the insured may be exposed to civil liability and sued before the civil courts or exposed to public liability and sued before the Court of Auditors.

Information asymmetry and protection of clauses in insurance contracts
Italy | 07 March 2017

Following Decision 9140 by the Joint Sections of the Supreme Court in May 2016, information asymmetry and the protection of insurance contract clauses became widely debated topics. While the court focused on the need to assess the validity of claims-made clauses on a case-by-case basis, this approach could also be applied in principle to any insurance contract clause that is not regulated by the Civil Code or other legislation.

Minimum requirements approved for professional indemnity insurance for lawyers
Italy | 13 December 2016

The minimum requirements for mandatory professional indemnity (PI) insurance for lawyers were recently approved by Decree 22. The mandatory PI requirements for lawyers cover damages, gross negligence, wilful misconduct, claims from clients and third parties and joint and several liability. The minimum limits vary depending on the turnover and number of professionals.

IVASS approves look-through approach to determine solvency capital requirements
Italy | 13 September 2016

IVASS, the Italian insurance regulator, recently approved regulations on the look-through approach to determine the solvency capital requirements of insurers under the Italian Insurance Code, the EU Solvency II Directive and the European Commission Delegated Regulation. The solvency capital requirement will be determined by applying the look-through approach to collective investment schemes and market, underwriting and counterparty risks.

Information note for non-life insurance products
Italy | 28 June 2016

The Italian insurance regulator recently published a proposal to amend Regulation 35/2010 on the disclosure and advertising of insurance products. The proposed amendments concern the simplification of the information note for third-party car insurance and other damages, new cases of exemption from the obligation to submit an information note and new methods for submitting pre-contractual documentation.

Electronic signature requirement for insurance and reinsurance intermediaries
Italy | 07 June 2016

The Italian insurance regulator recently published Consultation Paper 7, which amended Regulation 5/2006 by introducing new methods for transmitting requests and communications required to maintain the Single Register of Insurance and Reinsurance Intermediaries. The consultation paper proposes that insurance and reinsurance intermediaries adopt an electronic signature for requests or communications relating to the register.

Claims-made clauses: much-awaited Supreme Court judgment
Italy | 17 May 2016

The Joint Divisions of the Supreme Court recently published a long-awaited judgment on the validity and enforceability of claims-made clauses. In line with its previous judgments, the court established that in civil liability insurance contracts, claims-made clauses are not unfair. The grounds of the judgment establish a number of additional principles of law which appear reassuring for market players.

Limit not essential element of third-party liability insurance contract
Italy | 15 March 2016

A recent Court of Cassation ruling established that the stipulation of a limit does not constitute an essential element of a civil liability insurance contract. The ruling demonstrates the importance of setting out clear provisions regarding the limits and sub-limits in civil liability policies, and the burden of proof concerning their application in particular.

Investments covering technical provisions
Italy | 09 February 2016

IVASS, the Italian insurance regulator, recently published draft regulations on investments and assets covering technical provisions with aim of implementing Articles 37ter and 38 of the Insurance Code. The main changes include the introduction of the prudent person principle when selecting investments and assets covering technical provisions, and the strengthening of internal control systems.

Medical malpractice and insurance – is systemic intervention possible?
Italy | 15 December 2015

A bill recently issued by the Social Affairs Committee proposes a number of points that are worthy of analysis – including, above all, a systemic intervention in the healthcare industry. The bill will be examined by other committees and Parliament and it is clear that the legislature aims to address the question of medical liability from a civil and criminal perspective as well as in broader terms of risk management.

Complaints management by insurance intermediaries
Italy | 17 November 2015

The Insurance Supervisory Authority recently published a draft decision on complaints management by insurance intermediaries. The decision is designed to implement the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority provisions and guidelines on complaints against intermediaries and raise awareness of the new provisions.

Payment protection insurance – new rules from the regulators
Italy | 15 September 2015

The insurance regulator and the Bank of Italy recently published a joint letter addressed to insurers and intermediaries with the aim of increasing the level of protection for parties that purchase insurance policies paired with mortgages and other loans (ie, payment protection insurance). The supervisory authorities have identified a number of potential areas of intervention for market operators in this regard.

Payment protection insurance developments
Italy | 11 August 2015

The Italian insurance regulator and the Bank of Italy recently met consumers, insurance companies, intermediaries, banks and financial companies to discuss a European Court of Justice judgment on payment obligations of mortgage loans in the event of a borrower's total incapacity to work. The regulator and the Bank of Italy will request that products and sales practices meet the guidelines provided.

Insurance Code amended
Italy | 04 August 2015

Decree-Law 74/2015 has amended the Insurance Code to implement the EU Solvency II Directive regarding the take-up and pursuit of insurance and reinsurance. Among other things, the amendments address the allocation of supervisory duties for insurance and financial products between the national financial supervisory authority and the Italian insurance regulator.

New rules regarding complaints handling
Italy | 09 June 2015

The Italian insurance regulator IVASS recently issued new rules regarding complaints handling by insurance undertakings in compliance with the recently enacted European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority guidelines. The new rules have been introduced as amendments to an existing IVASS regulation on complaints handling and include a number of significant changes.

IVASS issues new regulations on simplified procedures and compliance obligations
Italy | 21 April 2015

IVASS, the Italian insurance regulator, recently issued Regulation 8 which describes the simplified procedures and compliance obligations that apply to relationships between enterprises, intermediaries and clients. The document intends to foster technological innovation by reducing paperwork. Many of its provisions are optional and aim to incentivise the development of simplification tools.

IVASS issues guidance on new rules for tax conformity certification
Italy | 24 March 2015

Many professional indemnity (PI) insurers offer policies covering the civil liability of certified chartered accountants and bookkeepers arising from the issue of conformity certification for taxpayers' tax returns. Recent legislative changes aiming to simplify tax matters had given rise to numerous uncertainties for PI insurers in this area, but the insurance regulator has now issued much-needed clarification.

Insurer loans to enterprises
Italy | 27 January 2015

The Italian insurance regulator recently approved regulatory amendments which govern investments to cover technical reserves, providing that insurers can offer loans to enterprises within certain limits and under certain principal terms. The amendments limit loan amounts in relation to the borrower's net equity and the insurer's technical reserves.

Insurance and competition authorities issue memorandum on consumer protection
Italy | 04 November 2014

The Italian Competition Authority (AGCM) and the Italian Insurance Authority (IVASS) recently signed a memorandum of understanding on consumer protection in the insurance market. Insurers and intermediaries should take into account the fact that the AGCM and IVASS have increased the level of their cooperation, with particular regard to the risks arising from this increased cooperation.

Insurers to boost access to financing
Italy | 16 September 2014

A decree was recently published which aims to facilitate recourse to new sources of financing by introducing a new category of asset to cover the technical reserves of life and non-life insurers. However, the opening of the corporate lending market to the contributions of insurers does not imply that the traditional separation between the insurance and banking sectors has been overcome.

Outsourcing agreements in the insurance sector – key points to remember
Italy | 12 August 2014

Outsourcing agreements in the highly regulated insurance sector often fall victim to its regulatory framework, with stringent obligations in terms of the content of agreements, internal procedures and formalities to be followed. In this respect, IVASS – the Italian insurance regulator – recently issued new regulations setting out a strict regime for insurers that outsource services to third parties.

IVASS issues draft amendments to regulation on complaints management
Italy | 06 May 2014

The Italian insurance regulator recently published a draft measure containing amendments to the regulation on insurance complaints handling. It explained that the new provisions are necessary following the issue of European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority guidelines on complaints handling, which aim to ensure fair treatment of policyholders, beneficiaries and injured parties.

Towards Solvency II: IVASS proposes implementation measures
Italy | 18 March 2014

Based on recently issued European guidelines regarding implementation of the EU Solvency II Directive, IVASS (the Italian insurance supervisory authority) has proposed amendments to the national regulations on the role of insurance undertakings' corporate bodies and governance. The proposals aim to ensure transparency in the management of undertakings.

IVASS survey on insurance sales in conjunction with non-insurance products
Italy | 14 January 2014

IVASS (the Italian insurance regulator) has conducted a survey on the sale of insurance policies (typically in the form of group policies) in conjunction with non-insurance products or services. While acknowledging that such sales are as widespread in Italy as abroad, and can contribute to the development of the insurance market, IVASS intends to verify whether consumers are provided with at least the minimum level of protection.

New rules for online policyholder access to individual insurance details
Italy | 22 October 2013

A new rule affecting the websites of life and non-life insurance companies recently came into effect. Affected insurers must now have suitable areas on their websites reserved for each policyholder, allowing policyholders to view their existing insurance policies, contractual conditions, payment status, expiry dates and, for life insurance policies, the redemption value and updated valuations.

Court considers proof of damage caused by insurer's competition violations
Italy | 03 September 2013

The Court of Cassation recently ruled on the issue of proof of damage incurred by a consumer as a result of an insurer's unfair competition practices, which resulted in the consumer having to pay higher motor third-party liability insurance premiums than would have been required had the offence not been committed. In particular, the court clarified the acceptable evidence of the causal link between the offence and the damage.

New logging system for insurance contract and premium data
Italy | 06 August 2013

Pursuant to a recent Inland Revenue measure, insurers must now log data concerning certain insurance premiums and contracts in a new data exchange system. The measure is intended to streamline and update the record-logging system by introducing procedures to improve transmission flows and quality control of data.

New guidelines issued for supervisory inspection process
Italy | 04 June 2013

As part of the recently launched integration process of bank and insurance supervision, IVASS, the insurance regulator, has issued new guidelines for the supervisory inspection process for insurance and reinsurance companies. The principles underlying the new guidelines include a focus on risks, proportionality and objectivity of interventions, and effectiveness and flexibility of action.

IVASS proposes new rule on insurers' websites
Italy | 14 May 2013

In the context of the liberalisation measures recently adopted by Parliament with a view to increasing competition in the insurance sector, IVASS, the insurance regulator, recently issued a draft order that requires insurers to allow insureds to access information relating to their insurance contracts through dedicated areas on their websites.

Regulatory developments for third-party liability car insurance
Italy | 26 March 2013

A 2012 decree-law includes several new provisions governing third-party liability car insurance. These include the establishment of new terms for the submission of data to the claims database of IVASS (the insurance regulator), the introduction of a new report form for insurers in order to prevent fraud and the insurers' obligation to inform clients of the tariffs of competing companies.

Insurance regulator requests adjustment of insurance policies for disabled persons
Italy | 12 February 2013

In light of Italy's ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, IVASS, the insurance regulator, has issued a letter calling on companies to adjust their health insurance policies with the aim of eliminating discriminatory provisions that limit or prohibit coverage of persons with mental illness or disabilities.

Statute of limitations for non-life insurance contracts amended
Italy | 08 January 2013

Decree-Law 179 recently introduced important changes to the insurance market, including with respect to compulsory motor liability insurance, insurers' websites, insurance mediation and the statute of limitations. A new law has partially amended the decree-law by reducing the originally planned 10-year term statute of limitations for non-life insurance contracts.

Liberalisation measures are introduced
Italy | 18 December 2012

A new law has introduced important changes affecting the insurance market. Among other things, the law provides for a maximum duration for mandatory motor liability insurance policies, mandates that insurers provide up-to-date policy information on their websites and revokes the prohibition against insurance agents entering into cooperation agreements among themselves for insurance mediation.

Insurance regulator amends regulations on internal audits and risk management
Italy | 06 November 2012

The insurance regulator, ISVAP, has published amendments to Regulation 20/2008 regarding internal audits, risk management, compliance and outsourcing of insurers' operations. The amendments adjust certain provisions to accord with the International Association of Insurance Supervisors Insurance Core Principle 7 regarding the principles of corporate governance.

Insurance regulator amends passive reinsurance guidelines
Italy | 23 October 2012

The insurance regulator, ISVAP, has published amendments to Circular 574/D regarding passive reinsurance. Among other things, the amended circular stipulates that companies must "implement a reinsurance policy that also takes account of their liquidity, and if necessary adopt due contractual provisions".

Introduction of mandatory professional insurance deferred
Italy | 09 October 2012

Under the legislative reform of Italy's professional bodies, anyone providing professional services is now required to take out an insurance policy covering the third-party liability that may derive from such services. Presidential Decree 137/2012 recently deferred the entry into force of this requirement.

Insurance regulator ISVAP to dissolve into IVARP
Italy | 31 July 2012

A new decree aims to reorganise government operations and reduce public expenses. In the insurance sector, this will be done by merging ISVAP, the insurance regulator, and COVIP, a regulatory committee overseeing pension funds, into IVARP, the new regulatory body for the insurance and social security private sector.

PPI, money laundering and passive reinsurance on regulator's agenda
Italy | 12 June 2012

As part of the recent reform of Italian law, the insurance regulator, ISVAP, has issued various regulations and draft regulations which will have a significant impact on insurance contracts and the internal structure of insurance companies. Payment protection insurance, anti-money laundering measures, passive reinsurance and investments covering technical reserves are among the areas covered.

Court of Milan rules on matters affecting PI claims-made insurance policies
Italy | 08 May 2012

The Court of Milan recently ruled on various issues affecting professional indemnity policies, including claims-made rules and prior knowledge/non-disclosure issues. A former statutory auditor of a company which had been declared bankrupt was found liable in respect of a claim brought by the receiver. When the auditor sought indemnification, the insurer denied coverage.

Further shake-up on bancassurance and payment protection insurance
Italy | 14 February 2012

A recent legislative decree clarifies that a bank, credit institution or intermediary acts unfairly where it requires customers to purchase a payment protection insurance insurance policy, brokered by the same entity, as a condition of entering into a financing agreement, such as a loan agreement.

New conflict of interest provision hits PPI
Italy | 20 December 2011

The Italian insurance regulator, ISVAP, has issued a note concerning rules of conduct for insurance intermediaries. The note supplements Article 48 of ISVAP's Regulation 5/2006 on insurance mediation and will have a significant impact on payment protection insurance and the bancassurance market, forcing players to rearrange their distribution models.

Anti-crisis measures for insurance companies
Italy | 13 December 2011

An order issued by Italy's insurance regulator, ISVAP, is intended to help insurance companies that face capital losses as a result of highly volatile markets, particularly in the context of bonds issued by governments. Given the present European markets conditions, the order continues to be highly relevant to insurance and reinsurance companies.

Mandatory indemnity policies for professionals
Italy | 27 September 2011

As part of a broad reform of professional services, new provisions have been introduced on professional indemnity policies. The requirement to obtain such a policy will affect architects, engineers, notaries, accountants, lawyers and, more generally, all those whose activity is governed by a professional body - that is, bodies which exercise statutory functions in regulating a relevant profession.

Insuring against administrative liability
Italy | 16 August 2011

The Emilia Romagna Division of the State Auditor's Office has issued the latest ruling on the issue of insurance policies entered into by public entities to cover the administrative liability of public officials. Certain public officials were found liable for having caused the public entity for which they worked to enter into a policy that covered their personal administrative liability, the entity having borne the relevant costs.

Regulator rules on segregated assets and remuneration policies
Italy | 21 June 2011

Italy's insurance regulator, ISVAP, has recently approved two new regulations. One relates to the establishment and management of segregated assets and internal funds for undertakings carrying out life insurance business; the other relates to remuneration policies for insurance companies.

Regulator investigates policies linked to loans and financing agreements
Italy | 17 May 2011

ISVAP, the insurance regulator, has announced a further analysis of the market for insurance policies connected to loans and financing agreements. The request is addressed to life and non-life insurance undertakings with registered offices in Italy, as well as Italian branch offices of non-life insurance undertakings with a registered office in a third country.

ISVAP consults on money laundering and terrorist financing
Italy | 29 March 2011

Italy's insurance regulator, ISVAP, has published a draft regulation that addresses organisational procedures and internal controls to prevent insurance undertakings and intermediaries from being exploited for the purposes of money laundering and terrorist financing.

ISVAP guidelines on investments and assets to cover technical provisions
Italy | 22 February 2011

ISVAP, Italy's insurance regulator, has approved a regulation which offers guidelines on investments and assets to cover technical provisions. Among other things, it introduces new rules on shareholdings in real estate companies and permitted alternative investments, and proposes the adoption of a framework resolution to formalise strategic investment policy.

Controversial bancassurance rule in the balance
Italy | 01 February 2011

ISVAP, Italy's insurance regulator, issued a regulation in Summer 2010 which, among other things, prohibited the same party from being both the beneficiary of insurance coverage and an intermediary of the relevant contract. This provision had a significant impact on the bancassurance market. Following a successful appeal against its measure, ISVAP has consulted on a similar rule.

Index-linked policies: courts rule on attachment and information requirements
Italy | 25 January 2011

Two Italian courts have issued significant decisions on index-linked policies. The Court of Parma ruled on the right of attachment over index-linked policies, while the Court of Milan considered the greater complexity and risks of index-linked products and the additional information requirements associated with them.

Clarifications on multi-year contracts restrict discount claw-backs
Italy | 07 September 2010

ISVAP, Italy's insurance regulator, clarified a number of points in relation to multi-year insurance contracts following amendments to Section 1899(1) of the Civil Code. The clarifications cover an insured's right of withdrawal from a multi-year contract and a restriction on an insurer's right to seek reimbursement for a multi-year discount if the insured withdraws from the contract.

ISVAP consults on guidelines on investments and assets to cover technical provisions
Italy | 17 August 2010

The insurance regulator ISVAP is consulting on guidelines on investments and the qualitative requirements for activities to cover technical provisions. Following indications by the International Monetary Fund and the International Association of Insurance Supervisors, it also proposes specific investment-related governance rules for the adoption of a framework resolution that formalises the strategic policy of investments.

Court rules on limiting risk and limiting liability
Italy | 03 August 2010

The Court of Cassation has re-examined the difference between limitation of liability clauses - which are unenforeceable unless specifically approved in writing pursuant to Section 1341 of the Civil Code - and clauses that define the limits of the risk to which an insurance contract relates.

New ISVAP regulation on transparency and advertising
Italy | 15 June 2010

ISVAP, Italy's insurance regulator, has published a regulation on disclosure duties (with particular reference to pre-contractual information to proposers) and the advertising of insurance products. Among other things, the regulation sets out new information requirements for non-life insurance policies and includes provisions on loan protection insurance and transparency in life insurance policies.

Court of Milan clarifies validity of claims-made clauses
Italy | 18 May 2010

A 2008 decision by the Court of Genoa raised the issue of the invalidity of claims-made clauses due to their alleged conflict with Article 1917 of the Civil Code, which regulates insurance contracts on the basis of the loss occurrence scheme. The Court of Milan has now examined the issue and has diverged significantly from the earlier decision.

Tax Agency clarifies VAT position of ancillary insurance and reinsurance activities
Italy | 09 March 2010

The Tax Agency has issued a resolution that clarifies the tax regime for activities ancillary to insurance and reinsurance activities. The clarification fills a significant regulatory gap - the agency observed that neither Italian nor EU value-added tax legislation expressly defines the terms 'insurance transaction' or 'activity ancillary to an insurance transaction'.

ISVAP regulations focus on reinsurance and online insurance contracts
Italy | 16 February 2010

ISVAP, Italy's insurance regulator, has published two draft regulations. One focuses on the licensing and authorization of reinsurance activities, while the other is intended to ensure that a contracting party is adequately informed when entering into a life or non-life insurance contract through remote communications systems.

Supreme Court Ruling on Interpreting Scope of Professional Indemnity Policies
Italy | 24 November 2009

The Supreme Court has provided guidance on the scope of professional indemnity insurance policies. An employment consultant was sued by a client for alleged negligence in the drafting of a lease agreement. The insurer successfully argued that the activity did not fall within the scope of application of a professional indemnity policy covering claims arising from the typical activities of an employment consultant.

Projects & Procurement

Public officials' liability in procurement of goods or services – recent decisions and coverage issues
Italy | 29 January 2019

Under the consolidated act on public procurement, the procurement of goods or services by local public entities is conditional on the approval of the relevant expenditure budget. However, if a public official authorises an agreement for the procurement of goods or services without an approved budget, that agreement is considered to have been entered into directly by the public official and the service provider and the public official may be personally liable to said provider.