Dario’s practice focuses on labor and employment and corporate governance matters. He represents companies in various industry sectors in labor disputes with the court and administrative labor authorities in connection with collective bargaining negotiations and other agreements with unions and labor audits. His practice also includes counseling companies in labor and employment matters and executive compensation, including stock option plans.
The government recently ratified the Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents. The convention aims to remove the requirement of diplomatic or consular legalisation of foreign documents. The government's goal in ratifying the convention is clearly to reduce bureaucracy. For companies, this reduction will decrease the expenses associated with, among other things, validating foreign documents.
Almost one year on from the enactment of Law 13467/17 (the labour reform), early feedback suggests that the reform has proved to be an effective and positive change. In particular, the reform has increased the use of remote workers, reduced the imbalance of power between employers and employees, made union contributions voluntary and reduced the number of labour-related lawsuits.
In Brazil, employees who work overtime are entitled to statutory premium pay at one-and-one-half times the regular rate. In the past, the courts often voided compensatory time off agreements and granted overtime payment claims to employees on the grounds that their employer had failed to comply with legal requirements. However, the 2017 labour reform introduced more flexible requirements, which should curb litigation on compensatory time off agreements and encourage their use.
Brazil recently underwent an unprecedented political and financial crisis. In view of this scenario, recovery of the country's economic growth and political stability is paramount. In order to reduce unemployment and modernise the labour regime, the government has proposed a labour reform, based on Bill 38/2017. The bill sets out a meaningful change in the Labour Code by amending, excluding and including several articles.
Brazil's laws provide protection to women, minors, disabled individuals and the elderly. This protection encompasses, among other things, rights to maternity leave, job security and equal treatment, regardless of gender, age, marital status, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, nationality or skin colour. While employers may provide training programmes to encourage non-discrimination, key performance indicators may not be appropriate to this end.
Law 13,301 recently introduced new rights and rules which have extended the duration of maternity leave for mothers of newborns infected with a disease transmitted by the yellow fever mosquito. According to the new rules, employees who are eligible for maternity leave must receive an additional 60 days of leave if their child is infected by any of the diseases transmitted by the yellow fever mosquito, including the Zika virus and Chikungunya fever.
Under Brazilian law, the courts can schedule public hearings in order to invite legal experts and the general public to debate important matters to be decided by the courts. The Superior Labour Court recently organised a series of public hearings to discuss relevant labour matters, including whether asking job candidates to provide clearance certificates for criminal records constitutes grounds for moral damages.
Law 13,257/2016 was recently enacted, extending paternity leave from five days to 20 days. The law is part of a project launched by the government to protect children and is restricted to employees who work for companies enrolled in the Citizen Company Programme.