The government recently presented its 2019 Budget Law Proposal, which includes several measures for the energy sector. As per the proposal, energy sector extraordinary contributions will be levied on generators operating renewable energy power plants licensed under the guaranteed remuneration scheme, which to date had been exempted from paying such contributions.
With the increasing number of projects being licensed under market rules, renewable energy generators are now faced with energy trading under organised markets, without a traditional power purchase agreement with the off-taker. The new reality of operating without a feed-in tariff is challenging – particularly as regards meeting bankability requirements. However, stakeholders are exploring alternatives.
The 2018 state budget amended Article 33-F of Decree-Law 172/2006, which establishes the criteria that applicants must fulfil to generate electricity via renewable and non-renewable endogenous resources on a market basis in order for the licensing authority to grant a generation licence or accept a prior notification. The amendment aims to establish new rules for when the relevant network has insufficient capacity to support the additional load that results from requests submitted to the licensing authority.
The government recently approved a decree-law which establishes the legal framework for medium, high and low-voltage private service electrical facilities powered by the public service electric network and temporary and itinerant self-generation facilities. The law will enter into force on January 1 2018 and revoke the Electrical Facilities Licensing Regulation, as amended, but only with regard to the provisions applicable to private service electrical facilities covered by the new framework.
The special and extraordinary legal regime for the construction and operation by municipalities, inter-municipal associations and municipal associations of biomass plants for specific purposes was recently approved by way of a decree-law. However, the regime has not been fully implemented, as the government must decide on the terms of the licensing procedures and the remuneration of energy generated by biomass plants licensed under the new regime.
In Portugal, the most contentious energy projects are those that have or may have a social and environmental impact and which involve the construction of large-scale energy infrastructure. Although uncommon, opposition may arise when environmental impact statements are challenged by environmental organisations and local communities and where local communities advocate that the project should be subject to such an assessment.