Mr Peter G Armstrong

Peter G Armstrong


Energy & Natural Resources

Biomass power generation: supply and sustainability
Japan | 05 April 2021

Biomass-fuelled power generation facilities continue to play an important role in Japan's renewable energy portfolio. While the requirements in this respect are complex, interest in biomass renewable energy remains strong. Further, it is anticipated that as the sustainability rules applicable to woody and agricultural biomass fuels are settled, interest and investment in the biomass industry will continue to accelerate. This article provides an overview of the sustainability rules applicable in Japan.

Update on FIT certificate nullification procedure
Japan | 23 November 2020

A significant component of the recently approved Proposal to Amend the Electricity Business Act for the Purposes of Establishing a Resilient and Sustainable Electricity System is the nullification of feed-in tariff (FIT) certificates. The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) has recently published a series of notices that provide further clarity on how the nullification will take effect and METI's intention to create exemptions for certain FIT certificate holders.

First tender process under new offshore wind law underway
Japan | 31 August 2020

The government recently commenced the first tender process under Japan's new offshore wind law for a floating wind project off the coast of Goto City. This article summarises the key elements of the Occupancy Guidelines for the Goto Offshore Area which, although specific to the Goto project, provide insight as to the Japanese authorities' general approach towards the implementation of the offshore wind law and how the tender processes for the other identified sites will proceed.

FIP programme introduced
Japan | 04 May 2020

The proposed amendment to the Act on Special Measures Concerning the Procurement of Renewable Energy-Sourced Electricity by Electric Utilities will introduce a feed-in premium (FIP) programme. The proposed FIP programme provides that power producers will receive a premium in addition to the market price for the electricity which they generate instead of the fixed electricity price determined by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry under the current feed-in-tariff programme.

Impact of Civil Code reform on energy and natural resource transactions
Japan | 06 April 2020

In 2017 the Civil Code, which was enacted in 1896, was substantially amended for the first time in more than a century. Although the amendments, which came into effect on 1 April 2020, cover a broad range of issues, many were made to reflect existing case law and commonly accepted interpretations of the pre-amended Civil Code. However, there are some changes which may affect current practices in the energy sector.

Impact of coronavirus on solar projects
Japan | 23 March 2020

It appears inevitable that the coronavirus pandemic will affect Japan's solar energy industry. For example, China's public health measures may have an adverse effect on the shipment of photovoltaic modules and other equipment manufactured there, on which many Japanese developers rely. Further, if the government declares a national emergency, this may inhibit engineering, procurement and construction contractors' ability to perform their obligations to develop and construct solar projects.

Introduction to Mining Law
Japan | 09 March 2020

Japan's mining industry has recently enjoyed renewed interest thanks to technological advancements that have identified or made accessible various significant on-shore and offshore mineral deposits. This article examines the Mining Law – established in 1950 – and its application. Notably, the law distinguishes between minerals generally and those that are determined by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Infrastructure to be especially important to the Japanese economy.

Proposed introduction of feed-in tariff wheeling fee
Japan | 27 January 2020

The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry is considering the introduction of a power generation base fee for feed-in tariff (FIT) eligible power generation companies. The wheeling charge could affect current FIT-certified projects as well as future FIT-eligible projects. It is understood that the ministry is aiming to introduce this fee in 2023.

New law aims to facilitate offshore renewable projects
Japan | 11 November 2019

Although Japan has significant offshore renewable energy output potential, a number of issues – both systemic and technological – have hindered efforts to develop its offshore renewable market. With the introduction of the Act on Promoting the Use of Marine Areas for the Development of Marine Renewable Energy Generation Facilities, the government aims to develop such offshore renewable energy capacity and encourage and facilitate the development of offshore renewable projects in Japan.