Ogier

Grand Cayman

Active in the Cayman Islands for over 25 years, our Cayman office was established in 1991 and officially became Ogier following the first ever transatlantic merger in the offshore world in 2004.

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Updates

Arbitration & ADR

Court of Appeal enforces foreign arbitral award in favour of Brazilian airline
Cayman Islands | 15 October 2020

The Court of Appeal has overturned an earlier decision of the Grand Court, thereby allowing the enforcement of an International Chamber of Commerce arbitral award issued in favour of a Brazilian airline. The decision raises important and difficult issues relating to the enforcement of foreign arbitral awards which are the subject of robust challenge before the courts of supervisory jurisdiction.

Banking & Financial Services

Administrative fines regime extended
Cayman Islands | 11 August 2020

The Monetary Authority (Administrative Fines) (Amendment) Regulations 2020 recently came into force, extending the administrative fines regime beyond breaches of the Anti-money Laundering Regulations to a much broader spectrum of breaches under various Cayman regulatory laws. Of particular interest to Cayman bank licensees will be how breaches of the Banks and Trust Companies Law will be treated under the regulations.

New regulatory regime for virtual assets
Cayman Islands | 21 July 2020

The Cayman Islands recently introduced a new framework for regulating virtual asset businesses: the Virtual Assets (Service Providers) Law 2020. The law derives from recommendations made by the Financial Action Task Force and provides for the regulation of virtual asset businesses and the registration and licensing of persons which provide virtual asset services. In addition, the government has amended a number of existing laws to extend to virtual assets.

Essential considerations for Cayman funds in challenging times
Cayman Islands | 19 May 2020

To help Cayman hedge funds navigate the myriad issues brought about by COVID-19, this article offers a high-level checklist for fund directors and investment managers to consider. The checklist covers operational issues, issues around liquidity and possible termination and communication and reporting considerations. Each of these topics is considered in turn in relation to a typical standalone corporate open-ended Cayman fund. That said, most of the checks can be applied using a variety of Cayman vehicles.

Corporate & Commercial

The foundation company as a decentralised autonomous organisation
Cayman Islands | 27 April 2020

The Foundation Companies Law 2017 was a welcome addition to the Cayman Islands legal landscape. The law introduced a brand new legal entity known as the 'foundation company' – a remarkably flexible vehicle that operates like an incorporated trust, allowing it to function like a civil law foundation or common law trust while retaining the separate legal personality and limited liability of a company.

Corporate Finance/M&A

Court of Appeal re-examines master-feeder redemption procedures
Cayman Islands | 26 August 2020

The Court of Appeal recently reiterated the importance of following the natural and ordinary meaning of a fund's articles in order to ensure that redemptions are effective. This is particularly important in the context of a master-feeder fund structure. Although the decision is consistent with longstanding authority, it does highlight the importance of ensuring that the redemption procedures set out in a master fund's articles are strictly adhered to as a matter of practice.

Standard directions in Section 238 appraisal proceedings confirmed
Cayman Islands | 24 June 2020

In a decision that provides additional certainty to dissenting shareholders, the Grand Court has rejected a company's efforts to recast the procedural framework for appraisal proceedings brought under Section 238 of the Companies Law (as revised). This decision follows the significant 2019 ruling of Chief Justice Smellie in JA Solar, which has become the touchstone for directions orders in Section 238 proceedings.

New registration requirements for unregulated investment funds
Cayman Islands | 12 February 2020

The government recently approved the Private Funds Bill 2020 and an amendment to the Mutual Funds Law (2020 Revision). The legislation is the result of certain EU and other international recommendations and has been developed to align the Cayman Islands investment fund regulatory regime with those of other jurisdictions. This article summarises the key features of both pieces of legislation.

Corporate Tax

DITC Portal update
Cayman Islands | 27 November 2020

The new Department for International Tax Cooperation (DITC) Portal launched in early November 2020. The DITC has also issued an advisory setting out details of a phased opening of the DITC Portal, confirming that it will initially be available for Common Reporting Standard and US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act purposes, with functionality for economic substance and country-by-country reporting being launched in subsequent phases.

Update on economic substance
Cayman Islands | 02 October 2020

The Cayman Islands has comprehensive economic substance legislation, under which in-scope entities that carry on particular activities must demonstrate economic substance in the Cayman Islands. The Tax Information Authority, which is responsible for monitoring and enforcing the substance requirements in the Cayman Islands, recently published guidance on economic substance for geographically mobile activities.

Employment & Immigration

Q&A: earning residency through business investment
Cayman Islands | 21 October 2020

The Cayman Islands has two residency by business investment programmes: the Certificate of Direct Investment and the Residency Certificate (Substantial Business Presence). This Q&A provides insight into each programme, including whether applicants can eventually apply for a Cayman passport, how many applicants typically apply for residency and the associated costs.

Insolvency & Restructuring

Snapshot: determining whether a petition debt is disputed on substantial grounds
Cayman Islands | 20 November 2020

It is trite law that where a petition debt is disputed in good faith and on substantial grounds, the Grant Court's ordinary practice is to dismiss or strike out the winding-up petition. However, this principle is more easily applied in theory than in practice, resulting in a remarkable amount of case law. That body of case law has been swelled in 2020 by a number of Grand Court decisions which provide further guidance as to whether a petition debt is to be considered genuinely disputed on substantial grounds.

Guide to restructuring and corporate recovery
Cayman Islands | 30 October 2020

This article answers FAQs on restructuring and corporate recovery options available in the Cayman Islands, with respect to domestic procedures, cross-border procedures, creditors, avoidance transactions, contributions to liquidation estates and officer liability.

Snapshot: bringing claims against Cayman entities subject to insolvency processes
Cayman Islands | 23 October 2020

To ensure the orderly and collective resolution of a company's affairs, the Companies Law imposes a moratorium on commencing or proceeding with any suit, action or other proceedings against the company once liquidators are appointed by the court (including on a provisional basis). Once these officeholders are appointed, proceedings can be commenced or proceeded with against the company in question only with the leave of the Grand Court, subject to such terms as the court may impose.

Restructuring – current state of play
Cayman Islands | 04 September 2020

At the recent Chambers Economic Forum, the Cayman government announced its intention to bring in a much-anticipated new regime governing corporate restructuring by the end of 2020. Until then, with the COVID-19 pandemic pushing many groups into the zone of insolvency, a number of considerations remain relevant to structures involving a Cayman entity.

Court of Appeal validates test under Section 99 of Companies Law
Cayman Islands | 17 April 2020

The Court of Appeal has provided much needed clarification of the test for validating certain transactions by companies that are subject to a winding-up petition, pursuant to Section 99 of the Companies Law (2020 Revision). Section 99 operates to help maintain the status quo of a company at the date of a winding-up petition so that the winding-up petition can continue to achieve its purposes.

Insurance

New opportunities for blockchain use in insurance industry
Cayman Islands | 21 January 2020

It has been more than a decade since blockchain – or distributed ledger technology – appeared on the financial services landscape. Yet, it is still capable of generating excitement as its value in transforming processes continues to develop. As blockchain increases its reach and its impact in specific industries grows, this will generate a need for suitable models of insurance. Cayman-based technology companies have expressed interest in buying insurance from local insurers.

Litigation

Court of Appeal enforces foreign arbitral award in favour of Brazilian airline
Cayman Islands | 13 October 2020

The Court of Appeal has overturned an earlier decision of the Grand Court, thereby allowing the enforcement of an International Chamber of Commerce arbitral award issued in favour of a Brazilian airline. The decision raises important and difficult issues relating to the enforcement of foreign arbitral awards which are the subject of robust challenge before the courts of supervisory jurisdiction.

Cayman injunctions in aid of foreign proceedings
Cayman Islands | 29 September 2020

Where a potential judgment debtor in onshore proceedings threatens to dissipate its assets, the plaintiff may face a pyrrhic victory with no assets against which to enforce its judgment. Where the defendant is a Cayman company or has assets in the Cayman Islands, the Cayman court has statutory jurisdiction to grant a freezing injunction in aid of those foreign proceedings, which can extend to the worldwide assets of the defendant.

Standard directions in Section 238 appraisal proceedings confirmed
Cayman Islands | 23 June 2020

In a decision that provides additional certainty to dissenting shareholders, the Grand Court has rejected a company's efforts to recast the procedural framework for appraisal proceedings brought under Section 238 of the Companies Law (as revised). This decision follows the significant 2019 ruling of Chief Justice Smellie in JA Solar, which has become the touchstone for directions orders in Section 238 proceedings.

Grand Court successfully responds to COVID-19 challenges
Cayman Islands | 09 June 2020

The substantive hearing of a winding-up petition which was successfully conducted via videoconferencing shows that the Grand Court is responding effectively to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Grand Court's apparent seamless adaptation to these challenging times is a testament to its well-established technological capabilities, given that judges have frequently presided over interlocutory hearings by video link from abroad in the past.

Privilege in settlement discussions: without prejudice?
Cayman Islands | 05 May 2020

Without prejudice privilege attaches to written or oral communications made for the purpose of a genuine attempt to compromise a dispute between parties. The effect of this rule is that such communications are generally not admissible in evidence. As demonstrated by a recent Grand Court decision, the protection provided by without prejudice privilege is important, but can be a complicated area to navigate.

Private Client & Offshore Services

DITC Portal update
Cayman Islands | 26 November 2020

The new Department for International Tax Cooperation (DITC) Portal launched in early November 2020. The DITC has also issued an advisory setting out details of a phased opening of the DITC Portal, confirming that it will initially be available for Common Reporting Standard and US Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act purposes, with functionality for economic substance and country-by-country reporting being launched in subsequent phases.

Snapshot: determining whether a petition debt is disputed on substantial grounds
Cayman Islands | 19 November 2020

It is trite law that where a petition debt is disputed in good faith and on substantial grounds, the Grant Court's ordinary practice is to dismiss or strike out the winding-up petition. However, this principle is more easily applied in theory than in practice, resulting in a remarkable amount of case law. That body of case law has been swelled in 2020 by a number of Grand Court decisions which provide further guidance as to whether a petition debt is to be considered genuinely disputed on substantial grounds.

Termination of Cayman vehicles – advance planning to minimise 2021 fees
Cayman Islands | 12 November 2020

​Cayman Islands vehicles which are considering termination may wish to initiate the process now to minimise or eliminate 2021 annual fees. Terminating entities that are registered with the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (CIMA) as mutual or private funds can also save on 2021 annual fees due to CIMA, other regulatory filing fees and obligations and the risk of incurring an administrative fine if they move quickly.

Funds update: Q3 2020
Cayman Islands | 05 November 2020

Over the past quarter, the Cayman Islands enacted a number of changes to laws and regulations which affect, or will affect, Cayman funds. This article is intended as a handy reference guide with respect to the recent changes and updates, including the removal of the Cayman Islands from the EU tax list, the changes to the Anti-Money Laundering Regulations (2020 Revision) and the transition to a new portal for registration and reporting purposes.

Guide to restructuring and corporate recovery
Cayman Islands | 29 October 2020

This article answers FAQs on restructuring and corporate recovery options available in the Cayman Islands, with respect to domestic procedures, cross-border procedures, creditors, avoidance transactions, contributions to liquidation estates and officer liability.

Snapshot: bringing claims against Cayman entities subject to insolvency processes
Cayman Islands | 22 October 2020

To ensure the orderly and collective resolution of a company's affairs, the Companies Law imposes a moratorium on commencing or proceeding with any suit, action or other proceedings against the company once liquidators are appointed by the court (including on a provisional basis). Once these officeholders are appointed, proceedings can be commenced or proceeded with against the company in question only with the leave of the Grand Court, subject to such terms as the court may impose.

Q&A: earning residency through business investment
Cayman Islands | 15 October 2020

The Cayman Islands has two residency by business investment programmes: the Certificate of Direct Investment and the Residency Certificate (Substantial Business Presence). This Q&A provides insight into each programme, including whether applicants can eventually apply for a Cayman passport, how many applicants typically apply for residency and the associated costs.

Court of Appeal enforces foreign arbitral award in favour of Brazilian airline
Cayman Islands | 08 October 2020

The Court of Appeal has overturned an earlier decision of the Grand Court, thereby allowing the enforcement of an International Chamber of Commerce arbitral award issued in favour of a Brazilian airline. The decision raises important and difficult issues relating to the enforcement of foreign arbitral awards which are the subject of robust challenge before the courts of supervisory jurisdiction.

Update on economic substance
Cayman Islands | 01 October 2020

The Cayman Islands has comprehensive economic substance legislation, under which in-scope entities that carry on particular activities must demonstrate economic substance in the Cayman Islands. The Tax Information Authority, which is responsible for monitoring and enforcing the substance requirements in the Cayman Islands, recently published guidance on economic substance for geographically mobile activities.

Cayman injunctions in aid of foreign proceedings
Cayman Islands | 24 September 2020

Where a potential judgment debtor in onshore proceedings threatens to dissipate its assets, the plaintiff may face a pyrrhic victory with no assets against which to enforce its judgment. Where the defendant is a Cayman company or has assets in the Cayman Islands, the Cayman court has statutory jurisdiction to grant a freezing injunction in aid of those foreign proceedings, which can extend to the worldwide assets of the defendant.

CIMA releases updated Rule and Statement of Guidance – Cybersecurity for Regulated Entities
Cayman Islands | 17 September 2020

The Cayman Islands Monetary Authority (CIMA) has updated its Rule and Statement of Guidance – Cybersecurity for Regulated Entities following feedback received during a private sector consultation. The rule, which sets out CIMA's requirements in relation to the management of cybersecurity risks, is a clear and precise directive that creates binding obligations, the breach of which may lead to a fine or regulatory action being taken by CIMA.

Probate practice for non-Cayman domiciliaries
Cayman Islands | 10 September 2020

When a non-Cayman domiciliary dies owning Cayman assets, such as shares in a Cayman Islands company and interests in Cayman Islands funds, the transmission of such Cayman estate is governed by Cayman Islands law and a grant of representation issued by the Grand Court is usually required. This article deals with the procedures and documentation required to secure a Cayman grant for the estate of a non-Cayman domiciliary and highlights the pitfalls of which practitioners should be mindful.

Restructuring – current state of play
Cayman Islands | 03 September 2020

At the recent Chambers Economic Forum, the Cayman government announced its intention to bring in a much-anticipated new regime governing corporate restructuring by the end of 2020. Until then, with the COVID-19 pandemic pushing many groups into the zone of insolvency, a number of considerations remain relevant to structures involving a Cayman entity.

Court of Appeal re-examines master-feeder redemption procedures
Cayman Islands | 20 August 2020

The Court of Appeal recently reiterated the importance of following the natural and ordinary meaning of a fund's articles in order to ensure that redemptions are effective. This is particularly important in the context of a master-feeder fund structure. Although the decision is consistent with longstanding authority, it does highlight the importance of ensuring that the redemption procedures set out in a master fund's articles are strictly adhered to as a matter of practice.

Investment funds update: Q2 2020
Cayman Islands | 13 August 2020

Over the past quarter, the Cayman Islands enacted a number of changes to laws and regulations which affect, or will affect, Cayman funds, including with respect to the Private Funds Law, the administrative fines regime, disclosure requirements and the automatic exchange of information portal. This article is intended as a handy reference guide with respect to the recent changes and updates.

Administrative fines regime extended
Cayman Islands | 06 August 2020

The Monetary Authority (Administrative Fines) (Amendment) Regulations 2020 recently came into force, extending the administrative fines regime beyond breaches of the Anti-money Laundering Regulations to a much broader spectrum of breaches under various Cayman regulatory laws. Of particular interest to Cayman bank licensees will be how breaches of the Banks and Trust Companies Law will be treated under the regulations.

Insolvency and restructuring: segregated portfolio companies
Cayman Islands | 23 July 2020

May 2020 marked the 22nd anniversary of the Cayman Islands segregated portfolio company (SPC). This article reflects on the first two decades of the SPC – in particular, the principles established by the courts concerning insolvent SPCs. These cases have posed some interesting and novel questions for the Cayman courts to resolve and the decisions have fleshed out the statutory provisions as regards the status, duties and powers of office holders appointed in connection with SPCs.

New regulatory regime for virtual assets
Cayman Islands | 16 July 2020

The Cayman Islands recently introduced a new framework for regulating virtual asset businesses: the Virtual Assets (Service Providers) Law 2020. The law derives from recommendations made by the Financial Action Task Force and provides for the regulation of virtual asset businesses and the registration and licensing of persons which provide virtual asset services. In addition, the government has amended a number of existing laws to extend to virtual assets.

Bank regulatory update
Cayman Islands | 09 July 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a number of operational and administrative challenges across the global legal and economic landscape. This article summarises some of the latest developments and the key issues relevant to financial institutions with legal and regulatory links to the Cayman Islands, including the validity and enforceability of electronic signatures and the Cayman Islands advisory on anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism compliance.

Standard directions in Section 238 appraisal proceedings confirmed
Cayman Islands | 18 June 2020

In a decision that provides additional certainty to dissenting shareholders, the Grand Court has rejected a company's efforts to recast the procedural framework for appraisal proceedings brought under Section 238 of the Companies Law (as revised). This decision follows the significant 2019 ruling of Chief Justice Smellie in JA Solar, which has become the touchstone for directions orders in Section 238 proceedings.

Funds update: Q1 2020
Cayman Islands | 11 June 2020

Over the past quarter, numerous laws and regulations have been enacted which affect, or will affect, Cayman investment funds. This article is intended as a handy reference guide with respect to the recent developments.

Grand Court successfully responds to COVID-19 challenges
Cayman Islands | 04 June 2020

The substantive hearing of a winding-up petition which was successfully conducted via videoconferencing shows that the Grand Court is responding effectively to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Grand Court's apparent seamless adaptation to these challenging times is a testament to its well-established technological capabilities, given that judges have frequently presided over interlocutory hearings by video link from abroad in the past.

COVID-19 restructuring and corporate recovery measures
Cayman Islands | 28 May 2020

The government recently held a virtual meeting with the heads and delegates of financial services industry associations in Cayman to allow it to engage with them directly on various COVID-19-related business continuity plans relating to the financial services industry. It is hoped that any chosen actions will be taken swiftly, consistent with the government's stated desire of assisting users of the financial products that the jurisdiction offers.

Use of digital contracts and electronic signatures
Cayman Islands | 21 May 2020

In light of the COVID-19 pandemic and with many people now working remotely, companies are increasingly considering the use of digital contracts and electronic signatures. To help minimise disruption and ensure business continuity, this article summarises the legal position in the Cayman Islands and provides practical advice on implementation.

Essential considerations for Cayman funds in challenging times
Cayman Islands | 14 May 2020

To help Cayman hedge funds navigate the myriad issues brought about by COVID-19, this article offers a high-level checklist for fund directors and investment managers to consider. The checklist covers operational issues, issues around liquidity and possible termination and communication and reporting considerations. Each of these topics is considered in turn in relation to a typical standalone corporate open-ended Cayman fund. That said, most of the checks can be applied using a variety of Cayman vehicles.

Putting a will in place during the COVID-19 pandemic
Cayman Islands | 07 May 2020

Among myriad other things, the COVID-19 situation demonstrates the importance of having an up-to-date, valid will. Luckily, those who are not frontline or essential workers but are spending their time in lockdown or self-isolation may now have time to catch up on this life admin task. However, due to the current restrictions, making a will is likely to take a different format than normal.

Privilege in settlement discussions: without prejudice?
Cayman Islands | 30 April 2020

Without prejudice privilege attaches to written or oral communications made for the purpose of a genuine attempt to compromise a dispute between parties. The effect of this rule is that such communications are generally not admissible in evidence. As demonstrated by a recent Grand Court decision, the protection provided by without prejudice privilege is important, but can be a complicated area to navigate.

The foundation company as a decentralised autonomous organisation
Cayman Islands | 23 April 2020

The Foundation Companies Law 2017 was a welcome addition to the Cayman Islands legal landscape. The law introduced a brand new legal entity known as the 'foundation company' – a remarkably flexible vehicle that operates like an incorporated trust, allowing it to function like a civil law foundation or common law trust while retaining the separate legal personality and limited liability of a company.

Court of Appeal validates test under Section 99 of Companies Law
Cayman Islands | 16 April 2020

The Court of Appeal has provided much needed clarification of the test for validating certain transactions by companies that are subject to a winding-up petition, pursuant to Section 99 of the Companies Law (2020 Revision). Section 99 operates to help maintain the status quo of a company at the date of a winding-up petition so that the winding-up petition can continue to achieve its purposes.

Appraising Section 238 fair value proceedings: an overview
Cayman Islands | 02 April 2020

Section 238 of the Companies Law (2020 Revision) provides an avenue through which shareholders of a merged or consolidated Cayman Islands company can apply to have the fair value of their shares determined by the Grand Court. Section 238 has its origins in Delaware law and was first introduced into the Cayman Islands Companies Law in 2009. After a relatively uneventful first few years in operation, Section 238 is now at the forefront of jurisprudence.

Observations about linked property transactions under Stamp Duty Law
Cayman Islands | 26 March 2020

In late 2018 the Stamp Duty Law (Revised) was amended in order to eliminate the growing practice of reducing stamp duty due to the government by means of linked property transactions (LPTs). Essentially, the reason for introducing the LPT provisions was to ensure that stamp duty is calculated on the total value of the raw land and the dwelling constructed on that land in the case of an LPT where a development scheme links the purchase of the raw land with the subsequent construction of a dwelling.

Cryptoassets as property: litigators' tools to assist in their tracing and recovery
Cayman Islands | 05 March 2020

The UK High Court recently found that cryptoassets such as bitcoin are property and are therefore capable of being the subject of a proprietary injunction or freezing order. Although this is a first-instance decision, there is no reason why the Cayman courts would approach the development of the legal concept of 'property' any less purposefully.

New registration requirements for unregulated investment funds
Cayman Islands | 06 February 2020

The government recently approved the Private Funds Bill 2020 and an amendment to the Mutual Funds Law (2020 Revision). The legislation is the result of certain EU and other international recommendations and has been developed to align the Cayman Islands investment fund regulatory regime with those of other jurisdictions. This article summarises the key features of both pieces of legislation.

New opportunities for blockchain use in insurance industry
Cayman Islands | 16 January 2020

It has been more than a decade since blockchain – or distributed ledger technology – appeared on the financial services landscape. Yet, it is still capable of generating excitement as its value in transforming processes continues to develop. As blockchain increases its reach and its impact in specific industries grows, this will generate a need for suitable models of insurance. Cayman-based technology companies have expressed interest in buying insurance from local insurers.

Subscription-secured financings: perfection versus enforcement
Cayman Islands | 19 December 2019

The Cayman Islands is one of the leading jurisdictions in the world for the establishment of closed-ended investment funds. Funds are often formed as exempted limited partnerships (ELPs). While other types of Cayman vehicle can be, and are sometimes, used as fund vehicles depending on the circumstances, an ELP is by far the most common type of entity used. Consequently, this article focuses solely on subscription-secured financings with an ELP as the choice of fund vehicle.

Q&A on Cayman AML regime: service providers, delegation and risk-based approach
Cayman Islands | 13 June 2019

The government and the Cayman Islands Monetary Authority are well aware that it is imperative that the Cayman Islands is not only perceived to, but does in fact, play a central role in the global fight against money laundering and terrorist financing. At the same time, there is a deep understanding of the need to remain competitive and commercial. This article addresses a number of key questions concerning the 2018 amendments to Cayman's anti-money laundering regime.

Impact of evolving relationship between investors and managers on fund structuring
Cayman Islands | 06 June 2019

This article addresses how the landscape for the structuring of offshore investment funds established in the Cayman Islands is changing and how this change is being driven by the evolving relationship between investors and investment fund managers – in particular, how the balance of power has in many cases shifted from the manager to the investor.

Cayman Islands economic substance requirements
Cayman Islands | 11 April 2019

New legislation recently came into force in the Cayman Islands requiring in-scope entities that carry on particular activities to have demonstrable economic substance in Cayman. Relevant entities must make an annual report as to whether they are carrying on one or more of a defined list of activities (relevant activities). If they are, they must satisfy an economic substance test in Cayman in respect of such relevant activities.

Latest interpretation of illegality defence
Cayman Islands | 04 April 2019

A Cayman court recently considered numerous complex areas of the law concerning commercial fraud and the ability to trace assets through corporate groups and into sophisticated financial products. This article discusses the court's findings regarding the illegality defence and the lessons which can be derived for future Cayman cases in which this defence might be engaged.

Not in dispute – why Cayman leads in cross-border dispute resolution and how the sector is evolving
Cayman Islands | 28 March 2019

Insolvency and restructuring cases are perhaps the most common types of cross-border dispute heard by the Grand Court, but other examples include trust disputes, which can often involve high-net-worth families and trust assets spread across the globe, and the enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards. High-profile examples of cross-border cooperation between the Grand Court and foreign courts include the Bank of Credit and Commerce International liquidation and the Ocean Rig restructuring.

Court of Appeal overturns anti-suit injunction in favour of Argyle Funds SPC Inc
Cayman Islands | 31 January 2019

The Court of Appeal has unanimously allowed every ground of an appeal by the liquidators of Argyle Funds SPC Inc. The key takeaway for the Cayman Islands professional services industry is that where work is delegated to be carried out by related entities outside the Cayman Islands, any attempt to contractually limit clients' rights to bring claims against those entities must be expressly articulated within the contract.

Capital call facilities – LPA and side letter review
Cayman Islands | 10 January 2019

Along with the growth and maturity of the fund finance market, funds and their counsel have become increasingly familiar with lenders' limited partnership agreement (LPA) requirements. Therefore, newer LPAs often include the provisions that lenders require in order to provide financing under a capital call facility. Lenders and their counsel should consider several key due diligence points when reviewing LPAs, investor subscription documents and related side letters.

Astral projections: Cayman Islands STAR trusts
Cayman Islands | 06 December 2018

The Special Trusts (Alternative Regime) (STAR) Law introduced so-called 'STAR trusts' into Cayman Islands law to overcome some of the difficulties arising from more conventional offshore trusts. One of the most challenging aspects of establishing a STAR trust is the drafting of the purposes for which it is established. While the STAR Law contains rules to prevent STAR trusts from failing (eg, failure resulting from object and beneficiary uncertainty), there are a number of traps for the unwary.

Cayman Islands foundation companies at a glance
Cayman Islands | 25 October 2018

Foundation companies are a unique structuring option in the Cayman Islands for wealth planning and also serve as holding and special purpose vehicles for commercial transactions and cryptocurrency offerings. Although a foundation company may be used as an alternative to a Cayman trust, a number of features specific to Cayman trust law have been incorporated into the foundation company vehicle which should prove beneficial to investors and private clients.

Structuring ICOs in the Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands | 18 October 2018

The Cayman Islands has become a popular choice for many businesses conducting initial coin offerings (ICOs) due to its tax neutrality, its reputation as a pre-eminent jurisdiction for investment funds and its securities law regime, which is generally more permissive than those of other jurisdictions. However, before any steps towards conducting an ICO are taken, it is critical that comprehensive legal and tax advice is obtained for each business before any token is sold or any entity is formed.

Grand Court examines master-feeder redemption procedures
Cayman Islands | 11 October 2018

A recent Grand Court decision is significant for Cayman master-feeder fund structures. Funds and their advisers should review the redemption provisions in master fund articles of association and partnership agreements to ensure that, operationally, redemptions are being effected in accordance with such documents.

Real Estate

Observations about linked property transactions under Stamp Duty Law
Cayman Islands | 27 March 2020

In late 2018 the Stamp Duty Law (Revised) was amended in order to eliminate the growing practice of reducing stamp duty due to the government by means of linked property transactions (LPTs). Essentially, the reason for introducing the LPT provisions was to ensure that stamp duty is calculated on the total value of the raw land and the dwelling constructed on that land in the case of an LPT where a development scheme links the purchase of the raw land with the subsequent construction of a dwelling.