Mr Ignacio Garcia

Ignacio Garcia

Lawyer biography

Ignacio García is a partner of the Firm. His professional practice is focused on the Areas of Corporate and Labor Laws, as well as Customs Law and International Trade for the Firm. He advises the Firm’s clients, national and international, in corporate issues, labor contracts, litigation, immigration, social security, pensions, transfers of executives, downsizing and union negotiations. He is also a consultant in private international law matters, contracts and international trade, customs law, international trade defense for the World Trade Organization (WTO) and customs disputes.
He was previously a partner at Baker & McKenzie, where he worked for 16 years and where he founded and directed the Labor Group and the International Trade Practice.
Professor at the College of Law of the Pontificie Universidad Católica de Chile and the Universidad de Los Andes.
  • Arbitrator for the dispute resolution system of the Economic Complementation Agreement Chile-Mercosur.
  • Arbitrator for the Chamber of Commerce of Santiago.
Articles in specialized areas, Foreign Trade, Customs Law and Labor Law International Law. Frequent speaker at international seminars. Editorial Board Member of Thomson Reuters for the collection of codes of Chile.
  • UNIDROIT, correspondent to Unidroit for Chile.
  • Chilean Bar Association.
  • Spanish
  • English
  • German.


Employment & Immigration

Return to work and workplace safety measures amid COVID-19 outbreak
Chile | 02 September 2020

Active cases of COVID-19 are slowly beginning to decrease in Chile. In some areas, the authorities are gradually easing lockdown and movement restrictions. In this slow transition out of pandemic mode, companies are beginning to resume operations. As such, the Ministry of Employment has created a Step-by-Step Employment Plan which highlights the safety and prevention measures that employers and employees must take in the workplace.

Civil court declares nullity of 16 inter-company unions
Chile | 14 August 2019

The 24th Civil Court of Santiago recently found that 16 inter-company unions had been created with the sole purpose of granting union privileges to their leaders and ordered the unions to be removed from the Labour Authority's register. The ruling is of great relevance as it is the first time that a civil court has dissolved a union for illicit activity contrary to the spirit of the law that regulates labour organisations.

Change of Supreme Court doctrine regarding limitation periods in employment actions
Chile | 13 March 2019

The Supreme Court recently decided a variation on limitation periods for employment actions – the so-called 'content doctrine' – which stresses the nature of relief sought by plaintiffs. However, the doctrine is problematic, as it implicitly extends limitation periods by calculating them from the date of termination of employment and not from the date on which any wrongdoing was committed.

Santiago court holds state agencies liable for negligent protection of trapped miners' occupational safety
Chile | 14 November 2018

The Ninth Civil Court of Santiago recently held that three state agencies had been negligent in protecting the occupational safety of 31 trapped miners and ordered the Treasury to pay approximately €101,523 to each miner. In its defence, the state argued that the significant amount spent in rescuing and compensating the miners (approximately €8.63 million) had protected their moral suffering.

Companies may continue to offer historical benefits to non-union employees without union consent
Chile | 29 August 2018

Following a recent opinion rendered by the Labour Board, companies may continue to extend to non-union employees benefits which they received before they were added to a collective bargaining agreement, because such benefits are not an attribute of the collective bargaining agreement for non-union employees. This new position impedes union interference in the granting of benefits to employees who are not involved in union activity.

Employment liability cannot be avoided by hiring staff through affiliates or related entities
Chile | 20 June 2018

When structuring their businesses, companies must keep in mind that employment liability cannot be avoided by hiring personnel through their company affiliates or related entities. Fines may apply if the existence of multiple companies under a common employment management is found to be a scheme to avoid compliance with employment rights (eg, allocating profits in one company but hiring employees in another).

Conversation recorded by concealed voice recorder accepted as valid evidence
Chile | 16 May 2018

Evidence used in employment cases must be obtained in a lawful manner and in accordance with fundamental rights, such as due process. However, a recent Supreme Court decision has fostered debate about the protection of fundamental rights within the context of an employment relationship. The court found that a conversation recorded without consent by a concealed voice recorder at a meeting could be considered valid evidence and did not violate the fundamental rights of the individuals recorded.

Supreme Court casts doubt on non-unionised employees' right to collective bargaining
Chile | 02 May 2018

The right to collective bargaining for non-unionised employees is a contentious issue following the recent labour reform. The Supreme Court recently decided on constitutional protective action, finding that the Labour Inspectorate need not register a collective agreement with a non-union employee group. Although this has not rendered such agreements illegal, it has increased the uncertainty around them and may discourage them in future.