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15 August 2019
The Office for the Protection of Competition recently found two companies guilty of bid rigging in a public tender. While similar bid-rigging cases occur quite frequently and generally fall within the office's purview, this case is unique because, for the first time, the office:
The anti-competitive behaviour involved one of the parties preparing and completing the other party's tender documentation, which was pre-filled with all of the necessary specifications and the price. It also came with instructions on how to finalise the documentation (eg, where it should be signed and stamped).
The office fined one of the parties Kc173,000 (approximately €6,900), but refrained from fining the other party due to extraordinary circumstances – namely:
This case is particularly interesting given how the office learned about the anti-competitive behaviour. For the first time, a former employee provided the office with relevant emails concerning the manipulated bids. The office deemed such information as sufficient to prove a breach of the Act on the Protection of Competition(3) and concluded that it was unnecessary to raid the parties' premises to gather additional incriminating evidence.
Notably, whistleblowing and whistleblower protection remain unregulated in the Czech Republic.(4)
This case also involved a procedural tool which the office had not used before – namely, appointing a guardian. The reason behind this step was the death of one of the party's director, which had left the company without a representative in the proceedings before the office. Under the applicable statutory provisions, the office may appoint someone as a guardian. In the present case, the office chose to appoint the managing director's husband, who could decline the appointment only if serious reasons would hinder him from accepting it (which was not the case).
Bid rigging remains within the purview of the office, as highlighted by (among other things) a separate office press release stating that it is the second most successful competition authority in the European Union in detecting bid-rigging cases.(5)
Since the start of 2019, the office has been informed about six bid-rigging cases, which resulted in fines. The office's press release covering the case at hand highlighted how welcoming the office is with regard to receiving information on anti-competitive behaviour from company employees. This case also demonstrates that the office is willing to handle seemingly small cases.
Considering these latest developments, companies that have not already done so should put greater emphasis on and effort into compliance programmes to prevent anti-competitive behaviour and introduce measures to detect such behaviour swiftly and effectively.(6)
For further information on this topic please contact Claudia Bock at Schoenherr by telephone (+420 225 996 500) or email (firstname.lastname@example.org). The Schoenherr website can be accessed at www.schoenherr.eu.
(1) Bid rigging occurs when businesses that would otherwise be expected to compete with one another secretly conspire to raise prices or lower the quality of goods or services for purchasers that wish to acquire products or services through a bidding process.
(2) Case ÚOHS-S0123/2018/KD-11839/2019/852/RSk, available in Czech here.
(5) Press release available in Czech here.
(6) If a company detects anti-competitive behaviour in a timely manner, it may make use of the so-called 'Leniency Programme' to grant cartel participants – who by their cooperation contribute to uncovering the cartel – immunity from or reduced fines.
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