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13 May 2020
As a result of the COVID-19 crisis, the social partners have decided to suspend the current social election procedure and postpone the continuation of this procedure until after the summer. On 24 March 2020 the National Labour Council (NLC) issued an opinion that highlighted the implications of this postponement for companies. This NLC opinion has been transposed into a law which was voted in Parliament on 23 April 2020. This article outlines the most important consequences for employers.
The social elections procedure will be paused from Day X+36. This means that the procedural steps up to and including Day X+35 still need to be completed now. All procedural steps falling after Day X+35 will be postponed.
Consequently, the candidates' lists must have been filed with employers between 17 March 2020 and 30 March 2020 at the latest (depending on the chosen election day).
For companies that would have started the election procedure at a later date or for which the election procedure has been delayed due to an appeal to the Labour Court, lists of candidates can still be submitted up to and including their Day X+35 and therefore possibly still after 30 March 2020.
The candidates' lists will no longer be posted. This happens on X+40, which is a date that has been postponed.
Indeed, all procedural steps falling after Day X+35 are postponed.
The NLC proposed setting the new election day (Day Y) between 16 November 2020 and 29 November 2020, subject to the COVID-19 public health situation. The new election dates have yet to be determined by royal decree and will depend on the evolution of the pandemic. However, the legislature aims to retain the dates proposed by the NLC as much as possible.
The new Day Y may not be freely determined by employers but will automatically follow by putting the originally chosen date into the new period.
This new Day Y will be the benchmark for a new electoral calendar starting from Day X+36, the day on which the election procedure will automatically resume.
Based on a new election day between 16 November 2020 and 29 November 2020, the electoral procedure will thus automatically resume at the earliest on 23 September 2020 and at the latest on 6 October 2020 (dates subject to reservation).
In companies where no candidates' lists were submitted on X+35 for any employee category, employers may still decide to stop the election procedure now. However, any appeal against this decision to stop can be lodged only after the suspension.
For protected employees from the 2016 elections
The existing bodies (WC/CPPW) will continue to function until the new bodies are installed. The effective and substitute members of these bodies, as well as the non-elected candidates in the 2016 social elections (provided that it was not a second unsuccessful candidacy) will remain protected against dismissal until the date of appointment of the new consultative bodies.
Since the appointment of the new consultative bodies (in principle on Y+45) will take place between 31 December 2020 and 13 January 2021 (depending on the new date of the elections), the dismissal protection of these protected employees from the 2016 elections will thus de facto be extended until then.
Protected employees who are dismissed and whose reintegration is refused by employers are entitled to a protection indemnity consisting of a fixed part (based on their length of service) and a variable part – namely, the salary for the remaining part of the mandate (ie, until the installation of the new WC/CPPW (at the latest on Y+45)).
In the event of the dismissal of a protected employee from the 2016 elections who is no longer a candidate in 2020, this variable part of the protection indemnity will be calculated as follows:
The dismissal took place before 17 March 2020
Variable part calculated until Y+45 in which Y = the initial Day Y (May 2020)
The dismissal took place after 17 March 2020
Variable part calculated until Y+45 in which Y = the new Day Y (November 2020)
If no new consultative bodies must be set up (because the average number of employees is fewer than 50 or 100), the members of the existing consultative bodies enjoy an additional protection of six months from the first possible 2020 election day. To this end, the new Day Y must be considered, meaning that the six-month extension runs from 16 November 2020 (in the current proposal).
For new candidates
The candidates' lists still need to be submitted until Day X+35 so that the new candidates for the 2020 social elections are known now and the 'occult period' has ended. These candidates will remain protected after X+35.
The complaints procedure against the submitted candidates' lists has been postponed so that the trade unions will still be able to make changes to their lists after the resumption of the procedure in the event of a complaint until the new date X+54 (except in the case of invalid candidacies). Further, after the resumption, trade unions will still be able to replace candidates until the new Day X+76 in five cases defined by law (ie, death or voluntary resignation of a candidate, resignation from the trade union, change of category or the timely withdrawal of a candidate's candidacy). For these reasons, it is possible that after the resumption of the electoral procedure, new candidates will appear on the lists.
A candidate who, after the electoral procedure has been resumed, will be nominated by the trade unions to replace a candidate will be protected from 36 days before the day on which the procedure is resumed (starting between 18 August 2020 and 31 August 2020). Thus, from 18 August 2020 there will in effect be a second 'occult period' (dates subject to reservation).
If a new candidate is dismissed in violation of the dismissal protection, a period starting from the day of their dismissal (and at the earliest from the original date X-30) until the first meeting of the WC/CPPW after the social elections of 2024 will be taken into account for the variable part of their compensation.
All eligibility conditions of the nominated candidates for the 2020 social elections will be assessed on the basis of the original Day Y.
The second length of service condition that temporary agency workers must meet to be eligible to vote (ie, 26 working days between X and X+77) will be neutralised during the period of the temporary suspension of the election procedure (between the original date X+36 and the resumption of the procedure).
For further information on this topic please contact Phillipe De Wulf or Esther Soetens at ALTIUS by telephone (+32 2 426 1414) or email (email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org). The ALTIUS website can be accessed at www.altius.com.
The materials contained on this website are for general information purposes only and are subject to the disclaimer.
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