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05 August 2020
On 25 June 2020 the European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled on a dismissed employee's right to receive indemnity for untaken holiday accrued during the period between their dismissal and court-ordered reinstatement (Bulgarian and Italian joined cases C-762/18 and C-37/19).
The question submitted to the ECJ by the Haskovo District Court and the Italian Supreme Court was whether Article 7 of EU Directive 2003/88/EC and Article 32 of the Chart of Fundamental Rights of the European Union preclude national legislation, case law or national practices which do not grant an employee who has been unlawfully dismissed and reinstated by judicial order the right to be indemnified for untaken holiday accrued between the date of dismissal and the date of reinstatement.
With respect to the Italian context, the prevailing case law confirmed by the Supreme Court excluded the dismissed employee's right to accrue holiday after his dismissal until the enforcement of the judicial order of reinstatement.
Moreover, the Supreme Court (Decisions 5624/2000, 13953/2000, 18707/2008 and 1360/2018) maintained that the dismissal, even if unlawful, excluded the employee's need to rest, with which the right to holiday is connected.
The ECJ took the opposite view and confirmed the employee's right to indemnity for the untaken holiday on the following grounds:
Given these grounds, the ECJ stated that the right to accrue holiday or receive indemnity for holiday accrued but not enjoyed cannot be excluded even in the period between an employee's unlawful dismissal and their effective reinstatement unless the employee found other employment during said period.
For further information on this topic please contact Matteo Schiavone or Francesco Pedroni at Stanchi Studio Legale by telephone (+39 02 546 9522) or email (firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com). The Stanchi Studio Legale website can be accessed at www.stanchilaw.it.
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