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08 October 2020
How are funds regulated in Guernsey?
Does Guernsey's investment funds regulatory regime work for hedge funds?
What structures are available as fund vehicles?
What types of regulation are hedge funds subject to in Guernsey?
What level of nexus to Guernsey is a fund required to have?
Is the Guernsey Green Fund designation available to hedge funds?
How long does registration or authorisation of a fund take?
This article answers FAQs relating to Guernsey hedge funds.
All Guernsey funds must be registered or authorised pursuant to the Protection of Investors (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law 1987 (the PoI Law) and all investment managers, advisers, administrators and custodians carrying on business in or from within Guernsey are subject to licensing under the PoI Law.
Yes, the Guernsey Financial Services Commission (GFSC) has issued notes regarding how it will treat applications for authorisations for hedge funds and confirmed that these will also be applied to registered funds.
Many hedge funds are already administered by Guernsey-based administrators.
Funds may be established as:
There are two types of fund regulation in Guernsey.
Authorised funds are regulated directly by the GFSC. Hedge funds are most commonly regulated under the Class B Rules or the Class Q Rules issued by the GFSC. The GFSC has confirmed that derogations from the full scope of these rules are available to hedge funds with 'qualifying investors' (broadly institutional or expert investors):
Registered funds are regulated by the GFSC, albeit under a lighter-touch regime than authorised funds. The GFSC relies on the due diligence performed by a Guernsey-licensed administrator in order to satisfy itself of suitability of the fund (and its principals) for registration.
The most common regime for hedge funds to be registered under is the Registered Collective Investment Scheme (RCIS) Rules 2018, which incorporate the Prospectus Rules 2018 (a registered open-ended fund).
The GFSC has confirmed that the derogations applicable to authorised funds for qualifying investors also apply to registered open-ended funds established for qualifying investors. In addition, there will usually be further derogations from the Prospectus Rules granted by the GFSC regarding disclosure of significant beneficial interests in the fund itself.
The RCIS Rules and the Prospectus Rules are designed to be lighter touch regulations than the rules applicable to Class B and Class Q funds and suit funds aimed at institutional and expert investors.
In addition, Guernsey has a class of registered private investment funds (PIFs) which do not require the publication of a prospectus or offering document and are subject to light-touch rules; however, this structure is limited to 50 or fewer investors with no more than 30 new investors admitted each year (save for the first year) and the manager is required to declare that it has satisfied itself that the investors can bear the loss of investment made in the fund. As such, these structures, while providing regulatory flexibility, may not be suitable for larger managers or those with a high volume of redemptions and subscriptions.
There is also an EU Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive-compliant registered fund structure known as the 'manager-led product' (MLP), which will become attractive to managers if the EU marketing passport is extended to structures incorporated outside the European Union, as Guernsey is approved for the marketing passport for such structures once it becomes available.
A fund must be incorporated or formed in and under the laws of Guernsey.
The general partner of a fund formed as a limited partnership will ordinarily require a manager's licence to act as such.
The fund must have a Guernsey-licensed administrator (in some rules described as the 'designated manager'). This does not mean that the administrator cannot outsource certain functions to suitable entities outside Guernsey, and this commonly occurs – provided that the outsourcing is undertaken in accordance with the GFSC guidelines.
The PIF regime requires the manager of a PIF to be a Guernsey entity and licensed as a PIF manager, which is undertaken at the same time as the fund is registered. Such a manager is not subject to the full licensing regime and the Conduct of Business Rules do not apply to the PIF manager. This requirement is expected to be removed shortly.
Unless subject to a derogation (as indicated above), open-ended authorised funds and registered open-ended funds require a custodian which must be licensed in Guernsey and oversee the activities of the fund's administrator or manager. As mentioned above, the GFSC has recognised that for hedge funds that are restricted to qualified investors, these requirements will be waived and the GFSC will also recognise the prime broker as the custodian where suitable.
Corporate funds need not have any Guernsey-resident directors, although there is a strong pool of suitably qualified and experienced non-executive directors in Guernsey.
Guernsey licensees must have at least two Guernsey-resident directors.
Yes, if a fund meets the Green Criteria, it can be designated as a Guernsey Green Fund, providing benchmarked assurance to investors and third parties as to its green and sustainable credentials. The designation is also available for application by existing funds that meet the criteria.
Registered open-ended funds are registered within three days of the application being submitted.
PIFs and MLPs are registered within one day of the request for registration being submitted.
Authorised Class B and Q funds are processed within three days on a fast-track basis, provided that they are qualifying investor funds (QIFs). Authorisation of non-QIFs takes between four to six weeks.
The Guernsey Green Fund designation is granted within five days of the application being submitted.
For further information on this topic please contact Tim Clipstone, Craig Cordle or Bryon Rees at Ogier by telephone (+44 1534 514 000) or email (email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com). The Ogier website can be accessed at www.ogier.com.
The materials contained on this website are for general information purposes only and are subject to the disclaimer.
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