The Taxation Laws Amendment Act introduced a new section into the Income Tax Act which deals with value mismatches involving the transfer of assets in exchange for the issue of shares. Essentially, the section applies where the value of the asset given in consideration for the shares issued is different from what it would have been had the transaction been between independent persons acting at arm's length.
Abusive schemes whereby taxpayers retain shares for at least 18 months before they are disposed of for a nominal consideration recently came to the attention of the National Treasury, which proposed that the share buy-backs and dividend stripping rules be amended with effect from 20 February 2019. The treasury provided no guidance on the nature of the amendments, but taxpayers should expect a complicated provision that might have several unintended consequences.
In a recent unreported case regarding a taxpayer that conducted business in the wholesale and retail industry, the Tax Court had to decide whether the taxpayer could claim the employment tax incentive under the Employment Tax Incentive Act for certain periods. In its decision, the court not only considered the provisions of the act, but also applied various principles of South African labour law.
Under the Tax Administration Act, persons that enter into certain types of transaction must report the details of those transactions to the South African Revenue Service. These types of transaction are called 'reportable arrangements'. In order to determine when the information must be disclosed by, the parties must first establish when the arrangement qualified as a reportable arrangement.
A recent Value Added Tax Act amendment has created certainty regarding suppliers' ability to correct tax invoices that have already been issued and provides a remedy to recipient vendors which previously had difficulty obtaining a corrected tax invoice from suppliers. However, it remains unclear whether suppliers will be allowed to issue manual tax invoices reflecting the correct details where their systems do not allow for the issued tax invoice's particulars to be amended.