The Transgender Persons Act came into force with effect from 10 January 2020 and aims to protect transgender persons' rights and welfare, particularly with regard to employment. Among other things, employers must ensure that transgender employees face no discrimination in matters relating to employment, including recruitment, promotion and other related issues.
The Ministry of Labour and Employment recently published the draft Code on Social Security 2019 in an attempt to amalgamate, simplify and rationalise the laws on social security. Notably, the code has introduced the concept of gig and platform workers to Indian labour law. In its current form, the code does not specify the extent of employers' obligations but merely lays out a framework. The government is expected to formulate detailed rules and regulations once the code enters into force.
The Employees' Provident Fund Organisation recently directed the provident fund authorities not to initiate inquiries into employers' previous wage structures on the assumption that certain allowances might not have been treated by employers as basic wages for the purposes of provident fund contributions. Such inquiries had been prompted by the Supreme Court's decision in Vivekananda, which clarified the legal position regarding allowances that fall within the definition of 'basic wages'.
The Haryana state government recently issued a notification under the Standing Orders Act and introduced a new requirement for principal employers and contractors to file an undertaking of compliance with the act. While the 2019 notification aims to ensure the effective enforcement of the act, employers may perceive the move to require compliance a condition precedent to obtaining registration under other labour laws as a roadblock.
The employees' provident fund is a social security fund comprising contributions from employers and employees, which are paid to employees on their retirement. The entire process is administered by the Employees' Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO), which is a statutory body established by the Ministry of Labour and Employment. To keep up with digitisation, the EPFO recently updated the process under which subscribers can withdraw and transfer provident funds.