A commonly negotiated rule in M&A transactions is the clause that provides for the buyer's indemnity right. This clause aims to limit the liability of the parties involved in the transaction for losses relating to the company or the asset traded and can be structured in several ways. The Sao Paulo Court of Justice recently highlighted the importance of expressly regulating this type of clause in M&A contracts.
The COVID-19 pandemic has led to considerable financial and operational losses in several economic sectors. In this context, it is easy to imagine dispute scenarios involving manager liability – for example, with respect to their adoption of loss-mitigation measures which later result in a loss of revenue. In such situations, it would be difficult to ascertain which losses were actually attributable to the company's managers and which were exclusively a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Equity crowdfunding is a form of online fundraising conducted via an electronic platform for participatory investment which can help to boost business. Unlike regular crowdfunding, parties which participate in equity crowdfunding expect a financial return on their investment. In view of the characterisation of this form of investment as a public offering, the Brazil Securities and Exchange Commission recently commenced a public consultation in order to review Brazil's equity crowdfunding rules.
The recent dispute between StoneCo Ltd and TOTVS SA over the acquisition of Linx SA has brought to light many important matters, especially directors' responsibility for damages caused to a company or its shareholders. TOTVS presented a hostile takeover offer, something which the Brazilian market is not used to since most companies have a controller group which owns 50% or more of the voting shares.
In light of the growing popularity of crowdfunding as a means of financing and maintaining small businesses' operations, it has remained on the Brazilian Securities and Exchange Commission's (CVM's) agenda, leading to discussions as to how the existing regulation can be improved. Thus, in August 2020, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the CVM published a new resolution which has made temporary changes, on an experimental basis, to the existing regulatory requirements.