While traditional initial public offerings (IPOs) have become risky, difficult and vulnerable to conflict as to the issuer's valuation, a merger or combination with an IPO-funded special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) offers an alternative. The recent popularity of SPACs can be linked to, among other things, their structure, which provides advantages and benefits for investors, sponsors and private companies that wish to raise public funds. This article highlights several tax considerations relating to SPACs.
Israel recently commenced a broad vaccination campaign to stop the spread of COVID-19. Employers have many questions, including with regard to how they can act towards employees who refuse vaccination and whether they can provide incentives to workers who choose to get vaccinated. These FAQs answer everything that employers need to know about COVID-19 vaccination in Israel.
Transfer pricing rules deal with pricing and profit attribution rules of international transactions performed between two or more related parties (eg, a parent and its subsidiary). This article provides a high-level overview of some of the common business models used by local entities that are engaged in the distribution, sale and marketing of their group's products and analyses the potential transfer pricing ramifications thereof.
Among the primary tools for encouraging inbound investments in Israel is the special tax regime for private investment funds. Over the years, the Tax Authority has issued substantial guidance and numerous private rulings under the Income Tax Ordinance, providing significant tax benefits to foreign investors and private investment funds operating in Israel. This article outlines the income tax arrangements applicable to private investment funds operating in Israel.
Recent years have seen a significant increase in publicly raised capital on the stock market by partnerships engaged in oil and gas exploration, which presents challenges due to existing tax legislation in Israel. In general, the process established in the law creates a distortion under which present partners will pay additional tax for past partners who benefited from the partnership's profits in a particular year.
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, Israel imposed significant restrictions on foreign nationals' entry into Israel. The Population and Immigration Authority and the Ministry of Health recently published a procedure that allows executives and businesspeople from so-called 'green countries' to obtain a permit to visit Israel for business visits of up to seven days.
The Tax Authority recently published a tax ruling addressing priority technological enterprise status with respect to an Israeli company that engages in the development and provision of cloud service platforms. The ruling provides that, subject to the Investment Law, income derived from the right to use a company's cloud platforms will be classified as income generated by a technological enterprise and, therefore, will be entitled to the Investment Law's reduced tax rates.
Parliament recently passed the Equal Pay Law for Male and Female Workers (Amendment 6) (5780-2020), which aims to prevent discrimination based on sex with respect to salary and other work-related benefits. The law is based on the presumption that female and male workers employed at the same workplace should receive equal pay for the same work or for substantially similar work and provides another tool to remedy the gender pay gap.
According to Israeli law, companies can hire employees via third-party providers, which are then responsible for fulfilling employers' various statutory obligations. Such third-party providers are referred to as 'service and manpower companies'. However, Israeli law provides that if a manpower company's employee continues to provide services to another company under this arrangement for more than nine months, the latter will be considered to be the actual employer.
Potential exposure arises from companies' engagement of consultants because, following termination of the consultancy, the consultant may claim employee status and associated social benefits. The labour courts have established criteria for determining whether a consultant should be considered an employee, including the degree of the consultant's integration into the company and its activities.
Due to the COVID-19 outbreak, as of March 2020, Israel prohibited foreign nationals from any country from entering its borders, including citizens who held any kind of visa. Only foreign residents who could prove that their 'life centre' was in Israel could enter the country. In June 2020 the Population and Immigration Authority published a list of exceptional cases in which it will allow foreigners into the country. This article outlines these exceptional cases.
The Israel Tax Authority (ITA) recently published a tax circular to clarify cases in which a transfer pricing study filed by a taxpayer will be considered to fulfil legal requirements and thus shift the burden of proof in the assessment process framework to an ITA inspector, in contrast to the general rule that the burden of proof rests with the taxpayer.
The taxation of real estate investments is complex and depends on various factors, including the property owner's status (ie, individual or corporation), the nature of the asset (eg, residential property, commercial property or land) and the purpose of the investment (eg, producing rental income or entrepreneurial profit). This article summarises the main factors to be considered when contemplating real estate-related investments in Israel.
The Value Added Tax (VAT) Law sets out that zero-rate VAT applies to the export of services to a foreign resident. However, recent judgments have interpreted such relief in a narrow manner and have significantly reduced the ability to charge zero-rate VAT on services rendered to foreign residents.
In light of the COVID-19 outbreak in Israel, and the significant restrictions imposed on foreign nationals entering Israel, the Population and Immigration Authority has issued a series of guidelines regarding visas for foreigners and foreign workers in Israel. This article summarises the relevant instructions.
The ongoing global outbreak and spread of novel coronavirus 2019 is a dramatic event of global proportions, with far-reaching implications for a wide range of areas, including labour law. The increasing number of individuals subjected to isolation raises many questions among employers and employees, including as regards days of absence, remote work and similar matters.
The ongoing global outbreak and spread of novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) is a dramatic event of global proportions, with far-reaching implications for a wide range of areas. The spread of COVID-19 directly affects many aspects of commerce and business – both domestic and international. Contract law in Israel provides several tools for dealing with such situations, including the doctrine of frustration, force majeure clauses, 'approximate' or 'cy-pres' performance and consumer protection legislation.
On 16 December 2019 the Haifa District Court determined that so long as shares awarded pursuant to Section 102 of the Israeli Income Tax Ordinance (New Version) are held by a trustee for the benefit of a grantee, they confer no shareholder rights on the grantee. The judgment also reinforced the practice of requiring Section 102 grantees to sign an irrevocable proxy.
In this era of globalisation, there is a growing need for companies and business organisations to relocate foreign workers in order to perform various tasks that require knowledge, expertise or proven management capabilities (whether these tasks be permanent, long term or temporary). This article outlines the steps that employers should take in order to employ foreign workers.
The Employment of Women Law entitles both women and men to certain parental rights, including limitations on the fields of work available to pregnant women, limitations on women's night shifts, the protection of employment during pregnancy, maternity leave (for both women and men) and limitations on termination of employment.