Latest updates

Looking ahead towards a new global trading reality
AKD
  • Shipping & Transport
  • International
  • 08 April 2020

The COVID-19 crisis is now several weeks old and the world finds itself in an unprecedented situation both from a health and an economic perspective. This article examines how the shipping industry can manage its supply chain in the current situation and with particular focus on planning ahead for the stage when the current trade restrictions are lifted.

Burden of proof remains with shipowner in proving terminal operator liability
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 31 March 2020

The loading and unloading of cargo from ships is a key element in the transport chain. However, ships are sometimes damaged during these operations. This raises the question of whether – and on what grounds – a terminal operator can be successfully held liable for such damage. A recent Rotterdam District Court decision upheld the standard of liability established in Dutch case law, confirming that the burden of proof lies with the shipowner when it comes to demonstrating terminal operator liability.

Burden of proof remains with shipowner in proving terminal operator liability
AKD
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • 25 March 2020

The loading and unloading of cargo from ships is a key element in the transport chain. However, ships are sometimes damaged during these operations. This raises the question of whether – and on what grounds – a terminal operator can be successfully held liable for such damage. A recent Rotterdam District Court decision upheld the standard of liability established in Dutch case law, confirming that the burden of proof lies with the shipowner when it comes to demonstrating terminal operator liability.

Application of principle of effectiveness could lead to exclusion of national limitation rules
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 24 March 2020

The Amsterdam Court of Appeal recently rendered a landmark judgment that the claims brought by claim vehicle CDC against Kemira Chemicals Oy were not time barred. The court's judgment provides additional legal certainty in the field of private antitrust enforcement. If upheld before the Supreme Court, this ruling will set a new standard wherein (Dutch) courts will be able to extend or even set aside applicable limitation rules from national regimes in follow-on proceedings.

Injunction against 'foreign' director for IP infringement based on Dutch law on liability of directors
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 10 March 2020

In preliminary proceedings, The Hague District Court recently assessed whether an injunction could be granted against an Irish director of a company based in Ireland in relation to a copyright infringement in the Netherlands. This judgment is a useful reminder that company directors who are not domiciled in the Netherlands can be liable under Dutch law on directors' liability when offering infringing products in the Netherlands.

Injunction against foreign director for IP infringement based on Dutch law on directors' liability
AKD
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • 09 March 2020

In preliminary proceedings, The Hague District Court recently assessed whether an injunction could be granted against an Irish director of a company based in Ireland in relation to a copyright infringement in the Netherlands. This judgment is a useful reminder that company directors who are not domiciled in the Netherlands can be liable under Dutch law on directors' liability when offering infringing products in the Netherlands.

Competence of district courts in summary proceedings relating to EU Community designs
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 18 February 2020

The Supreme Court recently requested a preliminary ruling from the European Court of Justice (ECJ) concerning the competence of district courts in summary proceedings relating to EU Community designs. An immediate consequence of the ECJ's decision is that district courts other than the one in The Hague will be unable to provide provisional measures in cases relating to EU trademarks.

New class actions act promotes efficient and effective settlement of large-scale damages cases
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 28 January 2020

The Netherlands has always been at the forefront of the European Union in enabling collective redress for affected parties in mass damages cases. Since 1994, claims organisations have been able to pursue legal action on behalf of affected parties. However, the Civil Code prohibited claims organisations from pursuing damages claims. This practice has now changed significantly following the entry into force of the Act on the Resolution of Mass Claims in Collective Action.

Competence of district courts in summary proceedings relating to EU community designs
AKD
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • 13 January 2020

The Supreme Court recently requested a preliminary ruling from the European Court of Justice (ECJ) concerning the competence of district courts in summary proceedings relating to EU community designs. An immediate consequence of the ECJ's decision is that district courts other than the one in The Hague will be unable to provide provisional measures in cases relating to EU trademarks.

The Netherlands – a hotspot for provisional and conservatory measures
AKD
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • 04 December 2019

Ports in the Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Antwerp region are historically known as ship arrest paradises. However, there are developments in connection with conservatory measures which are less well known and that have not been extensively reported on. These developments concern securing evidence following a landmark Supreme Court ruling in 2013, which has served as a starting point for several cases.

Court rules on inventor's failure to transfer a patent
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 29 October 2019

The Hague District Court recently rendered a judgment regarding an inventor's failure to cooperate with the exploitation of his patents. The claimant had alleged that the defendant's refusal to cooperate with the transfer of the patent to a foundation (which would have subsequently granted the claimant a licence) had prevented it from exploiting the patent, including sub-licensing it to third parties.

Flying the Dutch flag: opportunities for shipowners
AKD
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • 23 October 2019

Flying the Dutch flag has unfortunately become less popular with shipowners over the past 10 years. Although the exact reasons for this fall in popularity are unknown, the presumption that flying the Dutch flag is limited by the location of the vessel's owner may be a contributing factor. However, although on the face of it only European shipowners appear to be able to obtain a nationality certificate, the scope for flying the Dutch flag is actually much wider.

Locating pure financial damage in cross-border securities class actions: clarity on the horizon?
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 22 October 2019

Determining a court's jurisdiction in cross-border class actions involving pure financial damage has proven difficult in practice. This is particularly true when jurisdiction is based on the special competence rules set out in the recast EU Brussels Regulation. The Dutch Shareholders Association v British Petroleum is a good example of the confusion surrounding this matter. After two lower court rulings, the Dutch Supreme Court has applied to the European Court of Justice for a preliminary ruling to gain further clarity.

Court rules on inventor's failure to transfer patent
AKD
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • 21 October 2019

The Hague District Court recently rendered a judgment regarding an inventor's failure to cooperate with the exploitation of his patents. The claimant had alleged that the defendant's refusal to cooperate with the transfer of the patent to a foundation (which would have subsequently granted the claimant a licence) had prevented it from exploiting the patent, including sub-licensing it to third parties.

Court removes need for bailiffs to board ships to execute arrests
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 01 October 2019

The Netherlands has long been considered one of the most favourable jurisdictions in which to arrest a ship. A recent Aruba Court ruling is set to enhance this reputation by further liberalising the procedural rules, removing the need for a bailiff to board a ship in order to execute an arrest. The decision is expected to play a role in ship arrest cases throughout the Kingdom of the Netherlands where bad weather conditions, or even deliberate obstruction, may prevent bailiffs from boarding ships.

Court removes need for bailiffs to board ships to execute arrests
AKD
  • Shipping & Transport
  • Netherlands
  • 25 September 2019

The Netherlands has long been considered one of the most favourable jurisdictions in which to arrest a ship. A recent Aruba Court ruling is set to enhance this reputation by further liberalising the procedural rules, removing the need for a bailiff to board a ship in order to execute an arrest. The decision is expected to play a role in ship arrest cases throughout the Kingdom of the Netherlands where bad weather conditions, or even deliberate obstruction, may prevent bailiffs from boarding ships.

'Spreading' a work under Dutch copyright law: the gift that should not have been given
AKD
  • Intellectual Property
  • Netherlands
  • 26 August 2019

Article 12 of the Copyright Act lists a number of acts that fall within the definition of 'disclosure to the public'. In addition to the more straightforward cases of disclosure, Article 12(1)(2) specifically stipulates that disclosure also includes verbreiding (translated in English as 'spreading') all or part of a work or a reproduction thereof where the work has not yet appeared in print. Although there is little case law on the act of spreading, the subject was recently debated in an Amsterdam Court of Appeal case.

Airport of destination no safe haven for claims under Montreal Convention
  • Aviation
  • Netherlands
  • 07 August 2019

The Amsterdam Court of Appeal recently denied jurisdiction against an airline and its ground-handling agent in a case concerning a claim for loss of cargo from the agent's premises at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. The judgment is relevant for claimants seeking to bring a case against air carriers and their ground-handling agents before the court of the place of destination under Article 33 of the Montreal Convention 1999.

How to prepare for new Incoterms
AKD
  • Shipping & Transport
  • International
  • 31 July 2019

The International Chamber of Commerce is set to launch a new version of the Incoterms rules – the globally used, standardised set of trade terms for the international sale and delivery of goods. Although the new rules will not take effect until 1 January 2020, parties involved in the international sale and delivery of goods should use the impending introduction of the new rules as an opportunity to review their existing contracts and standard delivery terms and determine whether they are being used correctly.

NCC and NCCA as alternative forums
AKD
  • Litigation
  • Netherlands
  • 02 July 2019

The international trade chamber of the Amsterdam District Court – known as the Netherlands Commercial Court (NCC) and the Netherlands Commercial Court of Appeal (NCCA) – allows parties to resolve international civil or commercial disputes and litigate in the English language, both in first instance (NCC) and appeal (NCCA). Depending on the circumstances of the case, the NCC and the NCCA may be attractive alternative forums to regular district courts, arbitration institutes and international commercial courts.