In 2017 Parliament passed Law 48 Regulating Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). The law aims to attract foreign direct investment and bring specific expertise to Lebanon. Further, it institutes a legal framework that is, to a certain extent, in line with international standards and presents no particular red flags. This article analyses the new legal framework for PPPs in Lebanon, the relevant authorities and the law's advantages and limitations and showcases PPP projects which are currently underway.
A recent public procurement case brings into focus the circumstances in which a declaration of ineffectiveness (DoI) remedy may be available under the Public Contracts Regulations 2015. The decision affirms the principles set out in Alstom and provides more certainty for contracting authorities and successful bidders as to the likelihood of a DoI being an available remedy should they face a procurement challenge after a contract has been entered into.
Given the growing popularity of light rail systems across the globe, operators, passenger transport executives, local authorities and commentators alike are calling for further investment in order to better harness the great opportunities for building on this growth. Developments in this sector have the potential to provide welcome improvements to public transport in the United Kingdom, ease the pressure on congested roads and improve access for many communities.
Under the consolidated act on public procurement, the procurement of goods or services by local public entities is conditional on the approval of the relevant expenditure budget. However, if a public official authorises an agreement for the procurement of goods or services without an approved budget, that agreement is considered to have been entered into directly by the public official and the service provider and the public official may be personally liable to said provider.
The Cabinet Office recently published a procurement policy note on taking account of a supplier's approach to payment in the procurement of major contracts. The note sets out questions for public purchasers to incorporate into their selection questionnaires and focuses on whether contractors have paid subcontractors within 60 days of receiving an invoice. It also reflects a wider trend in the government's use of procurement as a means of addressing wider societal issues.
According to a recent budget speech, the government has abolished the private finance initiative (PFI) for future projects. Given its complexity, political sensitivity and knife-edge financial arrangements, it is hardly surprising that the PFI has proved to be so problematic and it is highly unlikely that anyone will be sorry to see it go. However, the question remains as to what will replace it.
The Court of Appeal recently handed down its long-awaited judgment in Faraday Development Ltd v West Berkshire District Council. Overturning a fully reasoned first-instance judgment, the court deemed a development agreement containing contingent obligations on the developer to carry out development to be a 'public works contract' as defined in the public procurement rules. The decision has important potential ramifications for public and private development projects.
The economic difficulties faced by local government have never been far from the headlines in recent months. Central government is encouraging the public sector to look at potential savings in operational long-term contracts. Potential areas for savings include, among other things, removing or rescoping soft services. In some cases, it may represent better value for money to remove such services from a contract. These services could be delivered by the local authority or be subject to a separate procurement exercise.
More than four years after the entry into force of the new EU Public Procurement Directive, more than two years after the deadline for transposition and more than one year after publication of the first transposition draft, the time has come. Following the resolutions of the Council of Ministers and the Federal Council, it can be assumed that the Federal Procurement Act 2018 will enter into force by July 2018.
The courts have ruled that a successful tenderer which raises unreasonable objections to an application to vary a confidentiality ring in a public procurement dispute may be liable for the claimant's costs of the application, even though it's not a party to that dispute. The decision means that successful tenderers wanting to object to the use and adaptation of confidentiality rings in procurement challenges should consider carefully the extent to which they should raise objections.
The Ministry of Finance has issued a regulation in order to implement provisions for the establishment of state-owned infrastructure guarantee corporations (BUPI). The regulation sets out more detailed provisions on government guarantees for infrastructure projects, as well as the nature, scope of and procedures governing such guarantees. A guarantee provided by a BUPI may cover infrastructure, political and default risks, among others.
Saudi Arabia is currently attempting an ambitious reorientation of its economy. The Saudi Arabian Vision 2030 and the National Transformation Programme 2020 comprise the most comprehensive strategy shift in Saudi Arabian economic policy since oil was found in the country. The Saudi Arabian Vision 2030 and the National Transformation Programme 2020 are expected to ease existing restrictions and liberate the market, in order to foster development of a domestic defence manufacturing industry.
In a recent decision, the Seventh Circuit joined the Eighth, Ninth and Tenth Circuits in holding that the federal disadvantaged business enterprise (DBE) programme is constitutional on its face because it serves the compelling government interest in remedying a history of discrimination in highway construction contracting. With four appellate courts approving of the constitutionality of this federal DBE programme, should non-DBE specialty subcontractors be worried?
Almost one year after the two-year transition period of the EU directives on public procurement law expired, Austria published a consultation draft of the new Federal Procurement Act 2017 to implement the directives. While Austria took a somewhat conservative approach when implementing the directives, there are some areas where the Austrian draft for the transposition of the directives is significantly stricter than the directives themselves.
The Federal Administrative Court recently addressed whether the party to a winning project in a conflict procedure was entitled to claim rights in the environmental impact assessment for the inferior project. The court ruled that, on the one hand, the legal standing of a party in a conflict procedure is not strictly restricted to that procedure. On the other hand, the court found that being party to a conflict procedure does not guarantee unlimited legal standing in the approval procedure of the other project.
The regulation increasing the Procurement Act's thresholds has been extended for a further two years. Thus, contracting public authorities can continue to benefit from the significantly wider application of the direct award procedure and the so-called 'restricted procedure without prior publication' until 2018. However, contracting authorities should be aware that the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union may still require an ex ante notice for contracts of a certain cross-border interest.
The Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks recently approved and made available to interested bidders the final version of the draft concession agreement for the new international airport in Kasteli, Crete. This bidding phase highlights that the Greek aviation sector is undergoing a significant transformation, one which will result in a major shift in the operation of Greek airports from the public sector to the private sector.
The two-year transition period for implementing the new EU directives on public procurement recently lapsed. While the majority of member states have at least partially implemented the directives, Austria has yet to pass draft legislation transposing any of them. However, despite this, the directives (at least in significant parts) already apply in Austria and individuals can – either directly or indirectly – rely on the majority of the provisions therein.
Due to their capital-intensive nature, infrastructure projects are traditionally financed by the government; but there has recently been a shift towards public-private partnerships (PPPs) as an alternative mode of procuring infrastructure. The potential benefits of increased PPP-driven infrastructure projects include poverty reduction, job creation and economic improvements, and measures should be taken to incentivise greater participation.
The Vienna Administrative Court recently ruled on a challenge to a tender conducted by a German centralised purchasing body under German public procurement law. The court concluded that even if the German purchasing body was qualified as a centralised purchasing body, the Austrian complaints mechanism would apply, as the purchasing activities in relation to the Austrian lot were attributable to the Viennese contracting authority.