Schoenherr updates

Administrative court repeals Eurohold-CEZ merger prohibition
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Bulgaria
  • 20 August 2020

In October 2019 the Commission for the Protection of Competition (CPC) prohibited the Eurohold-CEZ merger due to its 'conglomerate' effect and the significant combined resources of the acquirer's and the target's groups, respectively. An administrative court recently repealed the prohibition on the grounds that the CPC formally opened in-depth proceedings but entirely omitted the in-depth investigation phase, thereby breaching Bulgarian law and the EU Merger Regulation.

City of Prague fined for unfair parking rules
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Czech Republic
  • 20 August 2020

The Office for the Protection of Competition recently fined the City of Prague Kc980,000 (approximately €36,981) for creating anti-competitive parking conditions for hybrid vehicles. According to the office's press release, between 17 April 2018 and 30 April 2019 the City of Prague violated the Act on the Protection of Competition by favouring the parking of certain hybrid vehicles in paid parking zones in its territory without objectively justifiable reasons.

New steps towards debureaucratising functioning of companies
Schoenherr
  • Corporate & Commercial
  • Romania
  • 17 August 2020

At the beginning of 2020, legislative initiatives were launched to debureaucratise the functioning of companies established in Romania. In furtherance of these initiatives, in July 2020 20 members of Parliament submitted to the Senate a draft law proposing new amendments to the Companies Law. The draft law proposes numerous amendments – some which are welcome and some which raise questions as to their benefits. This article highlights the main proposed legislative changes and their anticipated effects.

Competition analysis of production, transmission and supply of heating for household and non-household needs
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Bulgaria
  • 13 August 2020

The Commission for Protection of Competition (CPC) recently opened a sector analysis of the markets for the production, transmission and supply of heating for household and non-household needs and vertically connected markets. The CPC pointed out that it has examined various aspects of the energy sector in recent years (eg, proceedings for antitrust breaches by participants on the relevant market).

UOKiK publishes guidelines regarding competition-related fines imposed on managers
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Poland
  • 13 August 2020

Under the Competition Act, when an undertaking is fined for being a party to a restrictive agreement, the Office for Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) can impose financial penalties on the undertaking's managers. The UOKiK recently published a soft law document which provides detailed rules for determining such penalties. According to the new guidelines, fine calculations are a multi-stage process in which an array of objective and subjective criteria are taken into account.

Administrative Court revokes TV channel divestment order
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Slovenia
  • 13 August 2020

​The Administrative Court recently overturned a Competition Protection Agency (CPA) divestment order, pursuant to which Dutch telecoms provider United Group was required to sell its Sport Klub TV channels for having breached the competition rules relating to market concentration. Although the court's ruling returns the case to the CPA for reconsideration, it does not affect the CPA's earlier decision to fine United Group €3.7 million for the late notification of its acquisition of the Sport Klub TV channels.

Access to employee emails – enhanced authority control
Schoenherr
  • Employment & Immigration
  • Hungary
  • 12 August 2020

More than two years after the EU General Data Protection Regulation's entry into force, employers' access to employee email accounts still raises several questions. This has been highlighted by three recent cases in which the Hungarian Data Protection Authority imposed fines on employers in connection with their access to employee mailboxes. This article summarises the legal situation regarding professional email accounts and sets out the key takeaways from the authority's decisions.

Transaction price mechanisms in times of COVID-19
Schoenherr
  • Corporate Finance/M&A
  • Austria
  • 12 August 2020

In times like these, parties should consider the key parameters of a contemplated transaction even more carefully. In addition to factors such as pricing, process timelines and contractual undertakings, parties must properly consider the COVID-19 pandemic's potential economic effects on targets when structuring a deal. This article outlines the differences between the two main purchase price mechanisms that can help to alleviate such economic effects and the pros and cons of each.

Court slashes Agrokor's gun-jumping fine to €1 million
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Slovenia
  • 30 July 2020

A Ljubljana court recently slashed the fine imposed by the Competition Protection Agency (CPA) on Croatian food company Agrokor from €53.9 million to €1 million. Agrokor has confirmed the court's ruling, but intends to file an appeal and challenge the CPA's decision to confiscate its 70% stake in Slovenian food retailer Mercator.

Travel restrictions are back
Schoenherr
  • Employment & Immigration
  • Hungary
  • 29 July 2020

Following a few weeks of travel restrictions easing, the government has adopted new rules for travellers to Hungary in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. The new rules apply to travellers with private passports; therefore, freight traffic is exempt. Do holiday bookings and business trips need to be put on hold yet again?

Derogation from EU competition rules for milk, potato and live plant and flower sectors
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Bulgaria
  • 09 July 2020

The European Commission recently announced temporary derogations from EU competition rules for the milk, potato and live plant and flower sectors. Shortly thereafter, the Bulgarian Commission for the Protection of Competition published on its website information about temporary derogations from the prohibition on competitors in these sectors entering into agreements or undertaking coordinated practices.

COVID-19 Phase 2 and environmental procedural law
Schoenherr
  • Environment & Climate Change
  • Austria
  • 06 July 2020

Section 3 of the Administrative COVID-19 Accompanying Law adapts the requirements for official acts and public communication with authorities to reflect the restricted freedom of movement and contact. This article examines how the revised version of Section 3 affects environmental law procedures (eg, water, environmental impact assessment, waste, construction and conservation).

HCA imposes record fine on Booking.com for unfair commercial practices
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Hungary
  • 02 July 2020

The Hungarian Competition Authority (HCA) recently imposed a record fine on Booking.com BV for undertaking unfair commercial practices by misleadingly advertising certain hotel rooms with "free cancellation" and engaging in pressure selling. Although a surprise for many industry players, this decision aligns with the HCA's tendency to impose significantly higher fines in unfair commercial practice cases compared with previous years.

Streamlining procedure for declaring beneficial owners
Schoenherr
  • Corporate & Commercial
  • Romania
  • 29 June 2020

Pursuant to a recently issued draft bill, the legal framework regarding companies' obligation to submit a statement about their beneficial owners could be simplified. The main amendments, which are expected to be well received, will remove companies' obligation to submit an annual statement regarding their beneficial owners and declare their beneficial owners (in the case of companies held by individuals).

Consultations on TAR NC and second amendment to Gas System Charges Ordinance
Schoenherr
  • Energy & Natural Resources
  • Austria
  • 22 June 2020

EU Regulation 2017/460 established a network code on harmonised transmission tariff structures (TAR NC). On 31 January 2019 E-Control – Austria's national regulatory authority – published its consultation document on the implementation of the TAR NC in Austria. This article discusses the subsequent developments.

CPA praises Coca-Cola for good business practices
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Slovenia
  • 11 June 2020

The Competition Protection Agency (CPA) recently praised Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Company Slovenija, podjetje za prodajo in distribucijo brezalkoholnih pijač, doo (CCHBC) for improving its business practices in the local hotel, restaurant and cafe sector. The improvements were implemented voluntarily and were the result of discussions between the CPA and CCHBC.

State of emergency's impact on North Macedonian Competition Authority operations
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • North Macedonia
  • 04 June 2020

Owing to the state of emergency declared due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the government adopted the Regulation on the Implementation of the Administrative Proceedings Act During the State of Emergency, which affected the timeline of proceedings before the North Macedonian Competition Authority (NMCA). This article outlines the regulation's practical implications for the NMCA's operations.

COVID-19: CCA remains fully operational
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Croatia
  • 28 May 2020

The government recently announced a phased plan to lift restrictions that were imposed in Croatia as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. While many sectors prepare to resume operations, the Croatian Competition Authority has been fully operational since 11 May 2020.

Upcoming amendments to Competition Act
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Hungary
  • 21 May 2020

Parliament recently adopted a new act to ensure that the Competition Act fully complies with EU Directive 2019/1/EU (ECN+ Directive). The Hungarian legislature has chosen to apply most of the ECN+ Directive rules to all antitrust proceedings (ie, regardless of whether they are conducted under Hungarian or EU law). However, in certain cases, the scope of the new provisions will be limited to proceedings on an EU legal basis.

Impact of COVID-19 on Competition Authority operations
Schoenherr
  • Competition & Antitrust
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 21 May 2020

On 17 March 2020 the government declared a state of emergency due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the state of emergency, Competition Authority operations have continued. However, as office access is not permitted, only postal filings and submissions are accepted (ie, in-person filings are not allowed) and face-to-face meetings cannot be held. For now, the Competition Authority's filing and review deadlines remain unaffected.