The European Commission recently imposed a record fine of €4.34 billion on Google. The commission identified a number of abuses and concluded that Google is dominant in the markets for general internet search services, licensable smart mobile operating systems and app stores for the Android mobile operating system. In such an innovative and competitive industry, a decision and fine on this scale arguably sends the wrong message.
The European Competition Network has revised its model leniency programme. Its objective is to guarantee that leniency remains an attractive option for undertakings facing multiple filings with several competition authorities. The revisions include the possibility to submit summary applications to all categories of leniency. The changes must be incorporated into each competition authority's leniency programme or applied in practice.