Despite the Ministry of Justice's long-term project to ratify the Cape Town Convention, it has published no developments on the matter in more than a decade. Because the Cape Town Convention remains unratified and the aircraft mortgage and register legislation outdated and deficient, valuable aircraft parts (eg, engines) cannot be separately registered in the aircraft register. Therefore, the use of aircraft engines as a separate security asset from the mortgaged airframe is limited under Finnish law.
The primary Finnish airline company, Finnair, has announced that it will discontinue five of its domestic routes by Spring 2021. Finnair's decision was heavily influenced by the COVID-19 crisis and related travel restrictions, although the cancelled routes had already been challenging in terms of profitability before the pandemic. This article examines these changes to the domestic aviation market and other initiatives established due to the ongoing pandemic.
To reduce losses following the COVID-19 crisis, primary Finnish airline company Finnair has suspended many of its loss-making domestic flights to eastern and western Finland. One possible way to save the suspended domestic flight routes would be for the government to provide direct state aid to airlines that wish to operate them. However, such state aid would require EU Commission notification and approval.
The Finnish state (which is Finnair's majority shareholder) has provided a guarantee of up to €600 million to assist Finnair in strengthening its financial position and mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. This did not go unnoticed by Finnair's competitors – Ryanair challenged the guarantee given by the Finnish state, alleging that the guarantee constitutes unlawful and discriminatory state aid in accordance with EU state aid rules.
Finnair recently announced that it is cutting 90% of its normal flight capacity due to the COVID-19 outbreak and consequently cancelling the majority of its flights temporarily as of 1 April 2020 until the situation regarding the coronavirus pandemic improves. The cancellation will affect between 1,500 and 2,000 flights from 16 March 2010 until 31 March 2020, with only critical air connections for Finland maintained.
Under the Employment Contracts Act, employers and employees may agree on non-compete obligations only in limited circumstances. However, in practice, the criteria are vague and non-compete obligations have been used more commonly than what was originally intended. The reform of the Employment Contracts Act aims to change this situation and ensure that employers carefully consider when to include non-compete obligations in employment contracts.
Most employees work in a traditional employment relationship. However, work is also performed in circumstances where labour legislation does not extend its protection to workers. While the position of workers may in many ways resemble the position of employees, the details may be crucial. This article highlights what employers need to know about who is classified as an employee in the gig economy.
The Bankruptcy Act has been amended by a statute which came into force on 1 July 2019. The amendments aim to simplify and accelerate bankruptcy proceedings. This article focuses on amendments that affect the position of creditors located outside Finland, such as those concerning the lodgement of claims, dates of creditors' meetings and the bankruptcy and restructuring proceedings case management system.
The Eastern Finland Court of Appeal recently ruled on a bankruptcy estate's liability for a mutual real estate company's maintenance charges. This decision further defines the scope of bankruptcy estates' liabilities and is a logical continuation of Supreme Court precedent in this area. As payments of bankruptcy estates' administrative expenses are privileged compared with claims against debtors, the definition of 'administrative expenses' should be interpreted cautiously.
In Finland, the validity of IP rights (except copyrights) is examined by the Finnish Patent and Trademark Office. The question of whether one party has infringed another party's valid IP rights may be addressed through litigation. A specialised IP court may be a good choice in certain circumstances. However, various alternative dispute resolution mechanisms are also available, depending on the IP right and the dispute in question.
In this podcast, Berggren partners Mariella Massaro and Robert Alderson interview Sonja London, licensing executive at Nokia, visiting lecturer at Aalto University, Finland, and past president of the Licensing Executives Society Scandinavia. Sonja discusses the importance of building commercialisation strategies, processes and data systems to increase efficiency in managing licensing programmes. She also speaks about her experience in standard essential patent licensing and litigation in Europe.