Slovakia recently terminated its bilateral agreements on the encouragement and reciprocal protection of investments with 16 EU member states. This article examines what protection is left for foreign investments in Slovakia from, and for Slovak investors' investments in, other EU countries.
The arbitration court of the Slovak Bar Association (SBA) recently adopted new corporate dispute resolution rules. The SBA arbitration court is one of the most prominent arbitral institutions in Slovakia and the first to adopt specific rules for corporate disputes. The new framework aims to pave the way for more effective and specialised resolution of corporate disputes.
In 2019 the Ministry of Finance issued guidelines on procedures for the effective application of rules on the freezing of financial assets of sanctioned persons in Slovakia. The guidelines answer some practical questions but leave many questions open. One such question concerns enforcement of arbitral awards affected by sanctions – in particular, under what conditions can an award creditor enforce such an award in Slovakia?
A recent Banska Bystrica Regional Court decision is one of many which give a positive outlook for arbitration in Slovakia and can be equated with court decisions in arbitration-friendly jurisdictions. A limited review of arbitral awards, with a focus on the procedural aspects of arbitration proceedings, reflects the aim of the Arbitration Act amendment of 2015; however, other court decisions have interpreted arbitration clauses more restrictively.
Section 17 of the Arbitration Act requires the equal treatment of parties in arbitration proceedings. Over the past year, the extent of this procedural safeguard has been tested before numerous Slovak courts, including the Supreme Court, the Bratislava Regional Court and the Banska Bystrica Regional Court. Notably, the courts seem to have avoided an extensive interpretation of Section 17 when reviewing awards.
Within the framework of commercial relationships, the question has arisen as to whether the COVID-19 pandemic may be considered a force majeure event and, if so, what impact this could have on contractual obligations. Notably, the occurrence of a force majeure event does not automatically relieve the liability to fulfil an obligation.