Spain updates

Aviation

Contributed by Augusta Abogados
Update on abusive clauses in passenger contracts
  • Spain
  • 18 November 2020

In 2019 Gijón Commercial Court No 3 ruled in a case dealing with some of Volotea's transport terms and conditions. The Association of Financial Users, a consumer protection association that filed the initial claim, disagreed with some of the judgment's points and lodged an appeal. The Provincial Audience of Asturias recently gave its judgment in appeal; while it confirmed some of the first-instance court's decisions, it overruled others. This article focuses on the most controversial decisions.

Burden of proof in consumer claims
  • Spain
  • 11 November 2020

The European Court of Justice (ECJ) recently ruled on a request for a preliminary ruling from Barcelona Commercial Court 9. The case concerned the interpretation of Articles 17(2) and 22(1) of the Montreal Convention. In line with the Montreal Convention, the ECJ established the principle that the courts should fix the amount of compensation, depending on the damages effectively suffered by the passenger, subject to a limit of 1,131 special drawing rights.

New regulation on right to refund for cancelled tickets
  • Spain
  • 20 May 2020

The Spanish authorities have issued a number of measures to remedy the impact of COVID-19 on the Spanish aviation industry. This article focuses on a specific topic especially relevant in the current circumstances – namely, the provisions and regulations that the Spanish authorities have recently approved in relation to flight cancellations and ticket refunds.

Court examines alleged abusive clauses in airline terms and conditions
  • Spain
  • 29 April 2020

On 8 January 2019 Commercial Court No 3 of Gijón resolved a collective cessation action brought by the Association of Financial Users, a non-profit entity, against the Spanish airline Volotea relating to some of its transport terms and conditions. Although the court was asked to give its opinion on a number of Volotea's terms and conditions, this article focuses on the most significant issues discussed in this judgment.

Impact of COVID-19 crisis on Spanish aviation industry
  • Spain
  • 22 April 2020

The rapid spread of COVID-19 throughout the world has forced many governments to issue emergency legislation, generally in a hurry and as a reaction to a continuously changing scenario. Spain is among the countries which have been hit particularly hard. This article provides a summary of the main pieces of Spanish legislation that affect the aviation industry.


Employment & Immigration

Contributed by CMS Albiñana & Suárez de Lezo
Q&A on new remote working regulations
  • Spain
  • 14 October 2020

The health crisis triggered by COVID-19 has accelerated the already existing trend of facilitating and implementing remote working policies in Spain. However, forced remote working as a result of the pandemic has emphasised the lack of regulation in this area, not to mention the practical issues previously left unresolved. Published on 23 September 2020, Royal Decree-Law 28/2020 on remote working seeks to provide clearer guidelines in this regard.

Employment-related measures to fight effects of COVID-19: regulatory update following lifting of state of emergency
  • Spain
  • 05 August 2020

In order to illustrate the current status of the COVID-19 extraordinary measures following the lifting of the state of emergency on 21 June 2020, this article summarises the key employment-related measures adopted since the state of emergency was declared and the updated regulation of each measure following the numerous amendments introduced subsequent to Royal Decree-Law 8/2020.

Extraordinary employment-related measures in fight against COVID-19: regulatory update
  • Spain
  • 03 June 2020

The government has adopted several extraordinary employment-related measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, since a state of emergency was declared, Spain's employment authorities have published countless guidelines and instructions relating to the practical application of such measures. This article summarises the key employment-related measures adopted since the state of emergency declaration.

Extraordinary employment-related measures introduced in fight against COVID-19
  • Spain
  • 25 March 2020

The government recently published a royal decree-law on urgent and extraordinary measures to address the economic and social impact of COVID-19. The measures include clarification of the grounds and simplification of the procedures to suspend employment contracts or reduce working hours due to force majeure, as well as economic, technical, organisational or production grounds.

Gig economy: Madrid High Court of Justice unifies criteria and declares Glovo riders are employees
  • Spain
  • 18 December 2019

The Madrid High Court of Justice recently ruled that riders for Glovo (a competitor of Deliveroo with a similar business model) are employees and are thus not self-employed. As other courts have ruled in similar cases that riders who operate in the gig economy do not have an employment relationship with their company, this judgment will likely be appealed before the Supreme Court in an attempt to unify the case law on the nature of such relationships.


Intellectual Property

Contributed by Grau & Angulo
Vehicle workshop owner convicted for using labels featuring BOSCH trademark on his machines
  • Spain
  • 19 October 2020

The Castellon Court of Appeal (Section 2) recently confirmed the criminal conviction of a vehicle workshop owner for a crime against industrial property rights consisting of a six-month prison sentence. Further, the court imposed the additional penalty of disqualification from standing for public office during the time of the sentence and payment of the procedural costs, reserving the right to take civil actions that may correspond to the injured party.

Modification of exceptional measures adopted due to COVID-19
  • Spain
  • 31 August 2020

During the national state of alarm caused by the COVID-19 outbreak and its related health crisis management, measures were adopted affecting IP matters, including the suspension and official interruption of certain deadlines and judicial and administrative actions. Having overcome the exceptional state of alarm, the Spanish courts and administrative bodies have now resumed full activity and the courts have been reinforced to ease the situation.

Supreme Court dismisses cassation appeal against conviction of counterfeit adidas shoe importer
  • Spain
  • 03 August 2020

In February 2020 the Supreme Court dismissed a cassation appeal against a judgment from the High Court of the Valencian Community confirming the first-instance judgment issued in 2019 by the Provincial Court of Valencia condemning the defendants for an 18-month prison sentence and for the payment of a fine, the transport and destruction costs, as well as the legal costs (including the private prosecutor's costs) for the import of counterfeit shoes for commercial purposes that infringed adidas's brands and designs.

Court of appeal recognises well-known nature of DINOSAURUS trademark and declares use of GALLESAUROS sign to be infringing
  • Spain
  • 27 July 2020

The Barcelona Court of Appeal recently recognised the well-known nature of the DINOSAURUS trademark owned by Galletas Artiach and its infringement by La Flor Burgalesa for using the GALLESAUROS sign applied to biscuits. This article provides a summary of the legal basis of the Barcelona Court of Appeal's judgment.

Appeal court confirms revocation of Spanish SPC for Truvada
  • Spain
  • 01 June 2020

The Barcelona Court of Appeal recently issued a judgment confirming the invalidity of Gilead's supplementary protection certificate (SPC) for the combination of tenofovir disoproxil + emtricitabine, thus upholding a first-instance decision favourable to generic competitors Teva and Mylan. The matter has been followed in Europe, where the UK Patents Court referred a question to the Court of Justice of the European Union, which issued a judgment on the interpretation of the requirement under the EU SPC Regulation.


Litigation

Enforcement of foreign rulings against Supreme Court state ruling
  • Spain
  • 10 December 2019

The Supreme Court recently ruled in a case concerning two elements of international law: state immunity from enforcement and declarations of enforceability. This ruling is significant because it states that the only precedent on the topic of enforcement immunity is a 2005 decision and because it applies the United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property, which is not yet in force. The ruling is also significant with regard to its interpretation of an 'enforceability declaration'.

Supreme Court rules on scope of mortgage liability
  • Spain
  • 06 August 2019

The Supreme Court recently confirmed that mortgage liability for interest claimed from third parties is limited to five years in accordance with the Mortgage Act. According to the court, this maximum mortgage coverage applies to all legal effects – regardless of whether these are favourable or adverse – and to agreements between mortgagees and mortgagors and between mortgagors and third-party acquirers.

New law protects tenants during eviction procedures
  • Spain
  • 14 May 2019

The Law on Urgent Measures Relating to Housing and Rental Matters recently entered into force, providing greater protection to tenants. The law has primarily amended the Civil Procedure Act, specifying that matters relating to leases where the claim can be quantified will be excluded from the scope of ordinary proceedings, and that summary proceedings can be initiated for certain amounts in accordance with the corresponding procedural rules.