Corporate Finance/M&A updates

Austria

Contributed by Schoenherr
New FDI screening act
  • Austria
  • 30 September 2020

In July 2020 a new foreign direct investment (FDI) screening act, the Investment Control Act (ICA), entered into force. The ICA, which largely transposes the requirements of the EU Foreign Investment Screening Regula­tion, is in line with the general EU trend of tightening or enacting FDI screening instruments, which has been fuelled by concerns of buy-outs of critical European infrastructure by foreign investors due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Transaction price mechanisms in times of COVID-19
  • Austria
  • 12 August 2020

In times like these, parties should consider the key parameters of a contemplated transaction even more carefully. In addition to factors such as pricing, process timelines and contractual undertakings, parties must properly consider the COVID-19 pandemic's potential economic effects on targets when structuring a deal. This article outlines the differences between the two main purchase price mechanisms that can help to alleviate such economic effects and the pros and cons of each.

Supreme Court facilitates financing companies with cross-border business
  • Austria
  • 15 May 2019

For the first time, the Supreme Court has upheld a security right granted under German law, even though the asset had been transferred to Austria. Previously, such rights were terminated once the asset was moved from Germany to Austria. The decision will substantially facilitate the financing of companies with cross-border business.

Constitutional Court rules on Squeeze-Out Act's compatibility with Constitution
  • Austria
  • 31 October 2018

The Constitutional Court recently ruled on whether the Squeeze-Out Act is compatible with the Constitution. The plaintiff argued that certain provisions of the Squeeze-Out Act violate the Constitution because they restrict shareholders' property rights and the principle of equality (rights enshrined in both the Constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights). However, the Constitutional Court held that this was not the case.

Privacy-related representations in M&A agreements
  • Austria
  • 09 May 2018

Companies regularly store information about their customers, clients, employees, investors, partners and vendors. Privacy and data security are therefore important aspects of most M&A transactions. Although the risk of non-compliance with privacy laws may result in severe negative consequences, many M&A agreements still lack adequate privacy-related representations and warranties.


Brazil

Contributed by Freitas Ferraz Advogados
Hostile dispute between Stone and TOTVS over merger with Linx
  • Brazil
  • 25 November 2020

The recent dispute between StoneCo Ltd and TOTVS SA over the acquisition of Linx SA has brought to light many important matters, especially directors' responsibility for damages caused to a company or its shareholders. TOTVS presented a hostile takeover offer, something which the Brazilian market is not used to since most companies have a controller group which owns 50% or more of the voting shares.


Cayman Islands

Court of Appeal re-examines master-feeder redemption procedures
Ogier
  • Cayman Islands
  • 26 August 2020

The Court of Appeal recently reiterated the importance of following the natural and ordinary meaning of a fund's articles in order to ensure that redemptions are effective. This is particularly important in the context of a master-feeder fund structure. Although the decision is consistent with longstanding authority, it does highlight the importance of ensuring that the redemption procedures set out in a master fund's articles are strictly adhered to as a matter of practice.

Standard directions in Section 238 appraisal proceedings confirmed
Ogier
  • Cayman Islands
  • 24 June 2020

In a decision that provides additional certainty to dissenting shareholders, the Grand Court has rejected a company's efforts to recast the procedural framework for appraisal proceedings brought under Section 238 of the Companies Law (as revised). This decision follows the significant 2019 ruling of Chief Justice Smellie in JA Solar, which has become the touchstone for directions orders in Section 238 proceedings.

New registration requirements for unregulated investment funds
Ogier
  • Cayman Islands
  • 12 February 2020

The government recently approved the Private Funds Bill 2020 and an amendment to the Mutual Funds Law (2020 Revision). The legislation is the result of certain EU and other international recommendations and has been developed to align the Cayman Islands investment fund regulatory regime with those of other jurisdictions. This article summarises the key features of both pieces of legislation.


Croatia

Has Croatia implemented FDI screening mechanism?
Schoenherr
  • Croatia
  • 04 November 2020

The Regulation on the Implementation of the EU Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Screening Regulation (the Implementing Regulation) recently entered into force. The foreign investment clearance concept has not been regulated under Croatian law before and, even with the Implementation Regulation's entry into force, little has changed. This article examines FDI in Croatia.


Cyprus

M&A opportunities in Cyprus post-Brexit
  • Cyprus
  • 27 February 2019

There has been a noticeable rise in foreign investments in Cyprus, with an upswing in mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures. This has been the result of various reforms and legislative amendments that have added legal certainty and contributed to the creation of a coherent statutory framework. International investors might well consider these factors when assessing Cyprus as an investment hub for future transactions in the M&A market post-Brexit.

Mergers and reorganisations – an overview
  • Cyprus
  • 23 January 2019

Cyprus boasts an attractive merger and reorganisation regime not only locally (ie, between Cyprus entities), but also at an EU level. Besides the well-known advantages of merging two companies (eg, the transfer of assets and liabilities without the need for the novation of contracts or other cumbersome procedures), mergers and reorganisations in Cyprus are also attractive from a tax perspective, as those which fall within the scope of the law may result in a total tax exemption in Cyprus.